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Characterization of the rate of nucleation of crystals from solution continues to be of interest, both for investigations into fundamental molecular phenomena as well as for applications in the pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, and fine chemicals industries. Substantial experimental evidence indicates that nucleation in some solute-solvent systems does not(More)
The measured induction times in droplet-based microfluidic systems are stochastic and are not described by the deterministic population balances or moment equations commonly used to model the crystallization of amino acids, proteins, and active pharmaceutical ingredients. A stochastic model in the form of a Master equation is formulated for crystal(More)
Metastable states such as gels and glasses that are commonly seen in nanoparticle suspensions have found application in a wide range of products including toothpaste, hand cream, paints, and car tires. The equilibrium and metastable state behavior of nanoparticle suspensions are often described by simple fluid models where particles are treated as having(More)
Pharmaceutical cocrystals have rapidly emerged as a new class of API solids with great promise and advantages. Much work has been focused on exploring the crystal engineering and design strategies that facilitate formation of cocrystals of APIs and ligands/cocrystal formers. However, fewer attempts have been made to understand the equilibrium phase behavior(More)
Prediction and understanding of the thermodynamic properties and kinetics of phase transitions in molecular systems depends on tuning intermolecular interactions such that the desired structures are assembled. These interactions can depend on the solvent temperature and composition and are difficult to determine in an a priori manner. This is especially(More)
This paper aim at the small and micro enterprises (SMEs) financing difficulty which puzzles the development of SMEs over a long period of time. In the foundation of research on home and abroad, paying attention to the creative ability and development potential of the SMEs are put forward. And, the risk evaluation index system, which is applicable to(More)
In the crystal structure of the title co-crystal, C(4)H(5)N(3)·C(12)H(14)O(2), the components are linked by N-H⋯O and O-H⋯N hydrogen bonds. Self-assembly of these dimeric units results in a four-component supra-molecular unit featuring a homosynthon between two mol-ecules of the pyrimidin-2-amine involving two N-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, and two heterosynthons(More)
In the title salt, C(5)H(7)N(2) (+)·C(10)H(9)O(2) (-), 2-amino-pyridine and 1-phenyl-cyclo-propane-1-carb-oxy-lic acid crystallize together, forming a 2-amino-pyridinium-carboxyl-ate supra-molecular heterosynthon involving two N-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, which in turn dimerizes to form a four-component supra-molecular unit also sustained by N-H⋯O hydrogen(More)
Manufacturing Scale Nicholas C. S. Kee, Xing Yi Woo, Li May Goh, Effendi Rusli, Guangwen He, Venkateswarlu Bhamidi, Reginald B. H. Tan, Paul J. A. Kenis, Charles F. Zukoski, and Richard D. Braatz † Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 600 South Mathews Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801 § Department of(More)
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