Guangshuo Zhu

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Apolipoprotein J/clusterin (apoJ/clusterin), an intriguing protein with unknown function, is induced in myocarditis and numerous other inflammatory injuries. To test its ability to modify myosin-induced autoimmune myocarditis, we generated apoJ-deficient mice. ApoJ-deficient and wild-type mice exhibited similar initial onset of myocarditis, as evidenced by(More)
BDNF and its associated tropomyosin-related kinase receptor B (TrkB) nurture vessels and nerves serving the heart. However, the direct effect of BDNF/TrkB signaling on the myocardium is poorly understood. Here we report that cardiac-specific TrkB knockout mice (TrkB(-/-)) display impaired cardiac contraction and relaxation, showing that BDNF/TrkB signaling(More)
Mitochondria are a principal site for generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the heart. Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma coactivator 1 alpha (PGC-1 alpha) plays an important role in regulating mitochondrial biogenesis and myocardial metabolism, but whether PGC-1 alpha can simultaneously upregulate myocardial mitochondrial(More)
Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) protein is expressed in cardiac myocytes of patients and experimental animals with congestive heart failure (CHF). Here we show that iNOS expression plays a role in pressure overload-induced myocardial chamber dilation and hypertrophy. In wild-type mice, chronic transverse aortic constriction (TAC) resulted in(More)
AIMS Monoamine oxidases (MAOs) are mitochondrial flavoenzymes responsible for neurotransmitter and biogenic amines catabolism. MAO-A contributes to heart failure progression via enhanced norepinephrine catabolism and oxidative stress. The potential pathogenetic role of the isoenzyme MAO-B in cardiac diseases is currently unknown. Moreover, it is has not(More)
BACKGROUND Phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibition has been shown to exert profound beneficial effects in the failing heart, suggesting a significant role for PDE5 in the development of congestive heart failure (CHF). The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that oxidative stress causes increased PDE5 expression in cardiac myocytes and that(More)
AMP activated protein kinase (AMPK) plays an important role in regulating myocardial metabolism and protein synthesis. Activation of AMPK attenuates hypertrophy in cultured cardiac myocytes, but the role of AMPK in regulating the development of myocardial hypertrophy in response to chronic pressure overload is not known. To test the hypothesis that(More)
Extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) contributes only a small fraction to total SOD activity in the heart but is strategically located to scavenge free radicals in the extracellular compartment. EC-SOD expression is decreased in myocardial-infarction (MI)-induced heart failure, but whether EC-SOD can abrogate oxidative stress or modify MI-induced(More)
This study examined whether endogenous extracellular adenosine acts to facilitate the adaptive response of the heart to chronic systolic overload. To examine whether endogenous extracellular adenosine can protect the heart against pressure-overload-induced heart failure, transverse aortic constriction was performed on mice deficient in extracellular(More)
Nitroxyl (HNO), the reduced and protonated form of nitric oxide (NO·), confers unique physiological effects including vasorelaxation and enhanced cardiac contractility. These features have spawned current pharmaceutical development of HNO donors as heart failure therapeutics. HNO interacts with selective redox sensitive cysteines to effect signaling but is(More)