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Tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (TyrRS) is known for its essential aminoacylation function in protein synthesis. Here we report a function for TyrRS in DNA damage protection. We found that oxidative stress, which often downregulates protein synthesis, induces TyrRS to rapidly translocate from the cytosol to the nucleus. We also found that angiogenin mediates or(More)
Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, essential components of the cytoplasmic translation apparatus, also have nuclear functions that continue to be elucidated. However, little is known about how the distribution between cytoplasmic and nuclear compartments is controlled. Using a combination of methods, here we showed that human tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (TyrRS)(More)
Recent studies suggested an essential role for seryl-tRNA synthetase (SerRS) in vascular development. This role is specific to SerRS among all tRNA synthetases and is independent of its well-known aminoacylation function in protein synthesis. A unique nucleus-directing domain, added at the invertebrate-to-vertebrate transition, confers this novel(More)
The bovine antibody BLV1H12, which has an ultralong CDR3H, provides a novel scaffold for engineering new functions into the antibody's variable region. By modifying the β-strand "stalk" of BLV1H12 with sequences derived from natural or synthetic protease inhibitors, we have generated antibodies that inhibit bovine trypsin and human neutrophil elastase (HNE)(More)
Tyrosine phosphorylation is a common protein post-translational modification that plays a critical role in signal transduction and the regulation of many cellular processes. Using a propeptide strategy to increase cellular uptake of O-phosphotyrosine (pTyr) and its nonhydrolyzable analog 4-phosphomethyl-L-phenylalanine (Pmp), we identified an orthogonal(More)
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