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One challenging aspect in the clinical development of molecularly targeted therapies, which represent a new and promising approach to treating cancers, has been the identification of a biologically active dose rather than a maximum tolerated dose. The goal of the present study was to identify a pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic relationship in preclinical(More)
HER2 is a validated target in breast cancer therapy. Two drugs are currently approved for HER2-positive breast cancer: trastuzumab (Herceptin), introduced in 1998, and lapatinib (Tykerb), in 2007. Despite these advances, some patients progress through therapy and succumb to their disease. A variation on antibody-targeted therapy is utilization of antibodies(More)
Trastuzumab (Herceptin®) is currently used as a treatment for patients whose breast tumors overexpress HER2/ErbB2. Trastuzumab-DM1 (T-DM1, trastuzumab emtansine) is designed to combine the clinical benefits of trastuzumab with a potent microtubule-disrupting drug, DM1 (a maytansine derivative). Currently T-DM1 is being tested in multiple clinical trials.(More)
The Src family kinases (SFKs) Src and Yes are believed to play critical roles in tumor growth, angiogenesis, invasion, and dissemination. Using a panel of highly selective and structurally diverse Src inhibitors, we found that phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 [STAT3 (Y705)] and focal adhesion kinase [FAK (Y861)] was SFK(More)
SU6668 is a small molecule inhibitor of the angiogenic receptor tyrosine kinases Flk-1/KDR, PDGFRbeta, and FGFR1. In mice, SU6668 treatment resulted in regression or growth arrest of all large established human tumor xenografts examined associated with loss of tumor cellularity. The events underlying loss of tumor cellularity were elucidated in detail in(More)
Recent achievements in the development of multitargeted molecular inhibitors necessitate a better understanding of the contribution of activity against individual targets to their efficacy. SU11248, a small-molecule inhibitor targeting class III/V receptor tyrosine kinases, including the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and vascular endothelial growth(More)
PURPOSE Targeting HER2 with multiple HER2-directed therapies represents a promising area of treatment for HER2-positive cancers. We investigated combining the HER2-directed antibody-drug conjugate trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) with the HER2 dimerization inhibitor pertuzumab (Perjeta). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Drug combination studies with T-DM1 and pertuzumab(More)
PURPOSE Antibody drug conjugates (ADCs) combine the ideal properties of both antibodies and cytotoxic drugs by targeting potent drugs to the antigen-expressing tumor cells, thereby enhancing their antitumor activity. Successful ADC development for a given target antigen depends on optimization of antibody selection, linker stability, cytotoxic drug potency,(More)
Clinical results from the latest strategies for T-cell activation in cancer have fired interest in combination immunotherapies that can fully engage T-cell immunity. In this study, we describe a trastuzumab-based bispecific antibody, HER2-TDB, which targets HER2 and conditionally activates T cells. HER2-TDB specifically killed HER2-expressing cancer cells(More)
Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) have a significant impact toward the treatment of cancer, as evidenced by the clinical activity of the recently approved ADCs, brentuximab vedotin for Hodgkin lymphoma and ado-trastuzumab emtansine (trastuzumab-MCC-DM1) for metastatic HER2+ breast cancer. DM1 is an analog of the natural product maytansine, a microtubule(More)