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Positive and negative effects of rare earth elements (REEs) in life have been reported in many papers, but the cellular mechanisms have not been answered, especially the action sites of REEs on plasma membrane are unknown. Proteins on/in the plasma membrane perform main functions of the plasma membrane. Cerium (Ce) is the richest REEs in crust. Thus, the(More)
It has long been observed that rare earth elements (REEs) regulate multiple facets of plant growth and development. However, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unclear. Here, using electron microscopic autoradiography, we show the life cycle of a light REE (lanthanum) and a heavy REE (terbium) in horseradish leaf cells. Our data indicate that REEs(More)
The design and synthesis of novel SGLT2 inhibitors: C-Glycosides with benzyltriazolopyridinone and phenylhydantoin as the aglycone moieties, " Access to 3-arylindoles through a tandem one-pot protocol involving dearomatization, a regioselective Michael addition reaction, and rearomatization,
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