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The nonhuman primates most commonly used in medical research are from the genus Macaca. To better understand the genetic differences between these animal models, we present high-quality draft genome sequences from two macaque species, the cynomolgus/crab-eating macaque and the Chinese rhesus macaque. Comparison with the previously sequenced Indian rhesus(More)
FIa, a factor X activator, was isolated from the venom of Daboia russellii siamensis (Myanmar) after a series of chromatographic separations. FIa displayed procoagulant activity by shortening plasma recalcification time and converted human factor X (FX) to activated human factor X (FXa) by cleaving the heavy FX chain, possibly at the Arg51-Ile52 peptide.(More)
Tumor invasion and migration are major causes of mortality in patients with cervical carcinoma. Tumors under hypoxic conditions are more invasive and have a higher metastasic activity. Lysyl oxidase (LOX) is a hypoxia-responsive gene. LOX has been shown to be essential for hypoxia-induced metastasis in breast cancer. However, the direct impact of LOX on(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the use of a series of preventive measures, a high incidence of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) was observed among health care workers (HCWs) during the SARS epidemic. This study aimed to determine which preventive measures may have been effective in protecting HCWs from infection, and which were not effective. METHODS A(More)
Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is among the most aggressive malignancies known and is characterized with rapid growth, early invasion, and complete refractoriness to current therapies. Here we report that triptolide, a small molecule from a Chinese herb, could potently inhibit proliferation in vitro, angiogenesis in vivo, and invasion in a Matrigel(More)
BACKGROUND Astrocytomas are the most common and aggressive brain tumors characterized by their highly invasive growth. Gain of chromosome 7 with a hot spot at 7q32 appears to be the most prominent aberration in astrocytoma. Previously reports have shown that microRNA-335 (miR-335) resided on chromosome 7q32 is deregulated in many cancers; however, the(More)
Malignant gliomas are one of the leading causes of cancer deaths worldwide, but chemoprevention strategies for them are few and poorly investigated. Here, we show that cholera toxin, the traditional biotoxin and well known inducer of accumulation of cellular cAMP, is capable of inducing differentiation on malignant gliomas in vitro with rat C6 and primary(More)
As a model of the reperfusion injury found in stroke, we treated cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs) with hypoxia followed by reoxygenation. Hypoxia for 3h followed by 24h reoxygenation (H/R) induced a typical apoptosis of CGNs. CGNs exposed to H/R responded by activating JNK, increasing the expression of p38 and ultimately caused CGNs dying. Furthermore,(More)
AIM To explore the possibility that expressions of different heat shock proteins (HSPs) are specifically involved in the protection of thermal preconditioning against apoptosis of cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs) induced by repolarization. METHODS Western blotting was used to detect expressions of HSP27, HSP70, and HSP90 induced by thermal(More)
Thrombotic occlusive diseases pose a great threat to human health. Thrombolytic agents are in widespread use for the dissolution of arterial and venous pathologic thrombi in these kinds of diseases. Snake venom metalloproteinases (SVMPs) can act directly on fibrin/fibrinogen and are therefore potential candidates for therapeutic use against thrombotic(More)