Guangliang Mai

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BACKGROUND Blood-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) have been used to treat ischemic disease. However, the number of EPC that can be obtained from adult blood is limited. OBJECTIVE To characterize endothelial-like cells obtained from human bone marrow and determine their ability to stimulate new blood vessel formation in vivo. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES The diabetic rhesus monkey seems to be a useful model for preclinical investigations of islet transplantation and new drug treatments for type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Information is limited regarding a standard technique to induce and assess diabetes in rhesus monkeys as well as the strategy to apply insulin administration. Herein, we have(More)
The Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and Morbidity (POSSUM) is a predictive scoring system for post-operative morbidity. The present study assessed the value of POSSUM in predicting post-operative morbidity following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). POSSUM scores were prospectively calculated for 265 consecutive cases(More)
BACKGROUND Th1 cells play an essential role in immune protection against tuberculosis. Th17 cells might be involved with immune pathology in active human tuberculosis (TB). The balance between Th1 and Th17 cells in patients with cavitary tuberculosis needs to be clarified which might help understanding the immunological basis of pathologic pathogenesis in(More)
AIM We sought to investigate the feasibility of 18F-FDG-leukocyte imaging to detect islet rejection. METHODS Two thousand Sprague-Dawley (SD, syngeneic group) or Lewis (allogeneic group) islet equivalents were intraportally injected into SD rat recipients. Four and 7 days after transplantation, 10(8) 18F-FDG-labeled splenocytes were injected into the(More)
The serum levels of Th2 markers, including CCL17 (thymus and activation-regulated chemokine [TARC]), CCL22 (macrophage-derived chemokine [MDC]), and soluble CD30, were measured in 101 HIV-negative tuberculosis patients, 103 healthy community controls, and 18 tuberculosis patients in recovery. The levels of CCL17/TARC (249.8 ± 19.91 versus 143.9 ± 10.54, P <(More)
BACKGROUND We have used anti-CD154 monoclonal antibody (mAb; MR1) and rapamycin (rapa) to induce tolerance to islet xenografts. The aim of this study was to investigate whether classical anergy and/or regulation by interleukin (IL)2-dependent CD25+ T regulatory cells played roles in the induction and maintenance of tolerance in this model. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Costimulatory blockade has been shown to allow long-term survival of xenogeneic islets. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of recipient CD40 and CD154 in the rejection process of concordant and discordant islet xenotransplantation (Tx). METHODS Diabetic C57BL/6 mice, CD40- or CD154 knockout (KO) mice were transplanted with(More)