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—The use of fountain codes in wireless cooperative relay networks can improve the system performance in aspects such as transmission time, energy consumption, transmission efficiency and outage probability etc. This has been proved when the number of the relay nodes and their relaying capabilities are stationary. But in practical networks the relay nodes(More)
The present study assessed the expression profiles of numerous microRNAs (miRs; miR-141, miR-187, miR-206, miR-218, miR-335 and miR-204) in 25 pairs of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) tissue samples and adjacent non-cancerous tissue. Reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT‑qPCR) analysis revealed that miR‑218 was significantly(More)
Gaining knowledge of the intrinsic topology of a complex dynamical network is the precondition to understand its evolutionary mechanisms and to control its dynamical and functional behaviors. In this article, a general framework is developed to recover topologies of complex networks with completely unknown node dynamics based on Taylor expansion and(More)
Controlled directional spreading of a droplet on a smart high-adhesion surface was made possible by simply controlling anodic oxidation. The wettability gradient of the surface was controlled from 0.14 to 3.38° mm(-1) by adjusting the anodic oxidation conditions. When a water droplet made contact with the substrate, the droplet immediately spread in the(More)
As technology scaling, reliability has became one of the key challenges of Network-on-Chip (NoC). Many fault-tolerant routing algorithms for NoC are developed to overcome fault components and provide reliable transmission. But proposed routing algorithms do not pay enough attention to find the shortest paths, which increases latency and power consumption.(More)