Guangju G Luo

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BACKGROUND Focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) is a benign hepatic tumor that is rare in children. In order to understand whether there are differences in the etiology or appearance of FNH in children, we analyzed the clinical information and imaging of pathologically proven cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS A pathology database was used to identify all cases of(More)
Previous studies have suggested that the production of interleukin-6 (IL-6) is increased in the intestinal mucosa during inflammation, and that nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is an important regulator of the IL-6 gene in the enterocyte. We tested the hypothesis that sodium arsenite inhibits IL-6 production in stimulated enterocytes and that this effect(More)
Mucosal and enterocyte IL-6 production is increased during sepsis and endotoxemia. Recent studies suggest that cAMP potentiates IL-6 production in endotoxin- or IL-1beta-stimulated enterocytes, but the molecular mechanisms are not known. We examined the role of the transcription factors NF-kappaB, activator protein (AP)-1, CCAAT/enhancer binding protein(More)
Guanylin and uroguanylin are particulate guanylate cyclase-activating peptides that are secreted from the epithelia of the intestine, kidney, pancreas, and salivary gland. These peptides elicit chloride and bicarbonate secretion via the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator. To test the hypothesis that hypertonicity mediates an increase in(More)
Recent studies suggest that sodium arsenite downregulates NF-kappaB activity by inhibiting phosphorylation and subsequent degradation of IkappaBalpha. Many effects of sodium arsenite are secondary to induction of heat shock proteins. The role of the heat shock response in arsenite-induced inhibition of NF-kappaB, however, is not known. We examined the(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism of kidney injury in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT)-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) is not completely understood. Renal C4d staining is a marker of classic complement activation and endothelial injury and has been described in preliminary reports of HSCT recipients with TA-TMA. Our objective was to(More)
Numerous studies have addressed the significance of marginal and membranous umbilical cord (UC) insertion. Recent reports suggest that an eccentrically inserted UC may also be important. This case-control study assessed the potential relevance of peripheral insertion of UC (PIUC), defined as <3 cm from the nearest margin. Singleton placentas (n  =  1418)(More)
Down's syndrome (DS, trisomy 21) represents a complex genetic abnormality that leads to pathology in later life that is similar to Alzheimer's disease (AD). We compared two cases of DS with APOE ε3/3 genotypes, a similar age at death, and comparable amyloid-beta 42 peptide (Aβ42) burdens in the brain but that differed markedly in the severity of AD-like(More)
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