Guangju Chen

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A variant of the multidrug-resistant human sarcoma cell line Dx5 was derived by co-selection with doxorubicin and the cyclosporin D analogue PSC 833, a potent inhibitor of the multidrug transporter P-glycoprotein. The variant DxP cells manifest an altered phenotype compared with Dx5, with decreased cross-resistance to Vinca alkaloids and no resistance to(More)
We investigated the mechanisms of MDR1 gene activation by CCAAT/enhancer binding protein beta (C/EBPbeta, or nuclear factor for interleukin 6) in human cancer cells. Transfection of the breast cancer cell line MCF-7 and its doxorubicin-selected variant MCF-7/ADR by either C/EBPbeta or C/EBPbeta-LIP (a dominant-negative form of C/EBPbeta) confirmed their(More)
Single-step selection with vinblastine was performed in populations of the human sarcoma cell line MES-SA, to assess cellular mechanisms of resistance to the drug and mutation rates via fluctuation analysis. At a stringent selection with 20 nM vinblastine, resulting in 5-6 logs of cell killing, the mutation rate was 7 x 10(-7)per cell generation. Analysis(More)
Activation of the MDR1 (ABCB1) gene is a common event conferring multidrug resistance (MDR) in human cancers. We investigated MDR1 activation in MDR variants of a human sarcoma line, some of which express a mutant MDR1, which facilitated the study of allelic gene expression. Structural alterations of MDR1, gene copy numbers, and allelic expression were(More)
Neural Network (NN) ensemble approach has been an appealing topic in the field of analog circuit fault diagnosis lately. In this paper, a new method for fault diagnosis of analog circuits with tolerance based on NN ensemble method with cross-validation is proposed. Firstly, bias-variance decomposition shows the theoretical guide on how to choose the(More)
Feature extraction is the key process in any pattern recognition issues. There is no exception in analog circuit fault diagnosis, because fault diagnosis is equivalent to pattern recognition issue in nature. In this paper, several feature extraction approaches in the field of analog circuits fault diagnosis are summed up. Newly appeared entropy-based,(More)
An increasing body of evidence appears to implicate the lipid bilayer of multidrug resistant (MDR) cells with P-glycoprotein activity. Several cationic amphiphilic drugs (CADs) have been extensively described as modulators of MDR. These same agents are also known to (1) inhibit lysosomal acid sphingomyelinase (ASmase), a phospholipid degrading enzyme,(More)
The positive cooperativity of the Kemptide substrate or the ATP molecule with the PKA catalytic subunit has been studied by dynamics simulations and free energy calculations on a series of binary and ternary models. The results revealed that the first ATP binding to the PKA catalytic subunit is energetically favorable for the successive Kemptide binding,(More)
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations for Zif268 (a zinc-finger-protein binding specifically to the GC-rich DNA)-d(A(1) G(2) C(3) G(4) T(5) G(6) G(7) G(8) C(9) A(10) C(11) )(2) and TATA(ZF) (a zinc-finger-protein recognizing the AT-rich DNA)-d(A(1) C(2) G(3) C(4) T(5) A(6) T(7) A(8) A(9) A(10) A(11) G(12) G(13) )(2) complexes have been performed for(More)
BACKGROUND It has been extensively developed in recent years that cell-permeable small molecules, such as polyamide, can be programmed to disrupt transcription factor-DNA interfaces and can silence aberrant gene expression. For example, cyclic pyrrole-imidazole polyamide that competes with glucocorticoid receptor (GR) for binding to glucocorticoid response(More)