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The circadian locomotor output cycles kaput (CLOCK), and brain and muscle ARNT-like 1 (BMAL1) proteins are important transcriptional factors of the endogenous circadian clock. The CLOCK and BMAL1 proteins can regulate the transcription-translation activities of the clock-related genes through the DNA binding. The hetero-/homo-dimerization and DNA(More)
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations for Zif268 (a zinc-finger-protein binding specifically to the GC-rich DNA)-d(A(1) G(2) C(3) G(4) T(5) G(6) G(7) G(8) C(9) A(10) C(11) )(2) and TATA(ZF) (a zinc-finger-protein recognizing the AT-rich DNA)-d(A(1) C(2) G(3) C(4) T(5) A(6) T(7) A(8) A(9) A(10) A(11) G(12) G(13) )(2) complexes have been performed for(More)
The positive cooperativity of the Kemptide substrate or the ATP molecule with the PKA catalytic subunit has been studied by dynamics simulations and free energy calculations on a series of binary and ternary models. The results revealed that the first ATP binding to the PKA catalytic subunit is energetically favorable for the successive Kemptide binding,(More)
BACKGROUND It has been extensively developed in recent years that cell-permeable small molecules, such as polyamide, can be programmed to disrupt transcription factor-DNA interfaces and can silence aberrant gene expression. For example, cyclic pyrrole-imidazole polyamide that competes with glucocorticoid receptor (GR) for binding to glucocorticoid response(More)
BACKGROUND Smads, the homologs of Sma and MAD proteins, play a key role in gene expression regulation in the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling pathway. Recent experimental studies have revealed that Smad4/R-Smad heterodimers bound on DNA are energetically more favorable than homodimeric R-Smad/R-Smad complexes bound on DNA, which indicates that(More)
BACKGROUND Eukaryotic initiation factor 4A (eIF4A) plays a key role in the process of protein translation initiation by facilitating the melting of the 5' proximal secondary structure of eukaryotic mRNA for ribosomal subunit attachment. It was experimentally postulated that the closed conformation of the eIF4A protein bound by the ATP and RNA substrates is(More)
The Mad2 protein, with two distinct conformations of open- and closed-states, is a key player in the spindle checkpoint. The closed Mad2 state is more active than the open one. We carried out conventional and targeted molecular dynamics simulations for the two stable Mad2 states and their conformational transition to address the dynamical transition(More)
We present here molecular dynamics simulations and DNA conformational dynamics for a series of trinuclear platinum [Pt(3)(HPTAB)](6+)-DNA adducts [HPTAB = N,N,N',N',N'',N''-hexakis (2-pyridyl-methyl)-1,3,5-tris(aminomethyl) benzene], including three types of bifunctional crosslinks and four types of trifunctional crosslinks. Our simulation results reveal(More)