Guangju Chen

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The positive cooperativity of the Kemptide substrate or the ATP molecule with the PKA catalytic subunit has been studied by dynamics simulations and free energy calculations on a series of binary and ternary models. The results revealed that the first ATP binding to the PKA catalytic subunit is energetically favorable for the successive Kemptide binding,(More)
BACKGROUND It has been extensively developed in recent years that cell-permeable small molecules, such as polyamide, can be programmed to disrupt transcription factor-DNA interfaces and can silence aberrant gene expression. For example, cyclic pyrrole-imidazole polyamide that competes with glucocorticoid receptor (GR) for binding to glucocorticoid response(More)
BACKGROUND Eukaryotic initiation factor 4A (eIF4A) plays a key role in the process of protein translation initiation by facilitating the melting of the 5' proximal secondary structure of eukaryotic mRNA for ribosomal subunit attachment. It was experimentally postulated that the closed conformation of the eIF4A protein bound by the ATP and RNA substrates is(More)
The Mad2 protein, with two distinct conformations of open- and closed-states, is a key player in the spindle checkpoint. The closed Mad2 state is more active than the open one. We carried out conventional and targeted molecular dynamics simulations for the two stable Mad2 states and their conformational transition to address the dynamical transition(More)
BACKGROUND Smads, the homologs of Sma and MAD proteins, play a key role in gene expression regulation in the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling pathway. Recent experimental studies have revealed that Smad4/R-Smad heterodimers bound on DNA are energetically more favorable than homodimeric R-Smad/R-Smad complexes bound on DNA, which indicates that(More)
We present here molecular dynamics simulations and DNA conformational dynamics for a series of trinuclear platinum [Pt(3)(HPTAB)](6+)-DNA adducts [HPTAB = N,N,N',N',N'',N''-hexakis (2-pyridyl-methyl)-1,3,5-tris(aminomethyl) benzene], including three types of bifunctional crosslinks and four types of trifunctional crosslinks. Our simulation results reveal(More)
Free energy calculations of the potential of mean force (PMF) based on the combination of targeted molecular dynamics (TMD) simulations and umbrella samplings as a function of physical coordinates have been applied to explore the detailed pathways and the corresponding free energy profiles for the conformational transition processes of the butane molecule(More)
Human kappa opioid receptor (κ-OR), a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR), has been identified as a drug target for treatment of such human disorders as pain perception, neuroendocrine physiology, affective behavior, and cognition. In order to find more selective and active agonists, one would like to do structure based drug design. Indeed, there is an X-ray(More)