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In late May, 2007, a drinking water crisis took place in Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, China, following a massive bloom of the toxin producing cyanobacteria Microcystis spp. in Lake Taihu, China's third largest freshwater lake. Taihu was the city's sole water supply, leaving approximately two million people without drinking water for at least a week. This(More)
Nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) over-enrichment has accelerated eutrophication and promoted cyanobacterial blooms worldwide. The colonial bloom-forming cyanobacterial genus Microcystis is covered by sheaths which can protect cells from zooplankton grazing, viral or bacterial attack and other potential negative environmental factors. This provides a(More)
Stress-activated protein kinases (SAPKs), consisting of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK), are activated upon various environmental stimuli, including viral infections. Cellular survival and death signaling events following coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) infection have been studied in relationship to viral(More)
The ubiquitin-proteasome system is known to be utilized by coxsackievirus to facilitate its propagation within the host cells. The present study explores the role of tripeptidyl peptidase II (TPPII), a serine peptidase contributing to protein turnover by acting downstream of the proteasome, in regulating coxsackievirus infection. Inhibition of TPPII does(More)
Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) is one of the most prevalent pathogens of viral myocarditis, which may persist chronically and progress to dilated cardiomyopathy. We previously demonstrated a critical role of the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) in the regulation of coxsackievirus replication in mouse cardiomyocytes. In the present study, we extend our interest(More)
Taihu Basin is the most developed area in China, which economic development has resulted in pollutants being produced and discharged into rivers and the lake. Lake Taihu is located in the center of the basin, which is characterized by a complex network of rivers and channels. To assess the sources and fate of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in surface(More)
An enzyme-limited immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to monitor spatial and temporal variation of microcystins (MCs) in Lake Taihu. MC concentrations were higher in summer and autumn than in other seasons. Maximal MC concentration was 15.6 microg L(-1). Compared to central Lake Taihu and Wuli Bay, Meiliang Bay had higher MC concentrations due to high(More)
Phosphorus metabolism of Microcystis aeruginosa was studied under gradient redox potential from 252 mV to -70 mV in darkness. The release of phosphorus occurred in all the treatments, and this process was accelerated in darkness when the redox potential was lowered. Low redox potential in darkness stimulated the accumulation of polyphosphate (PolyP) and the(More)
To evaluate the response of phytoplankton from Lake Taihu to different types of nutrients, the phytoplankton responses were measured after adding inorganic nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) or decomposed algal scum (Microcystis spp.) into the lake water. Both types of nutrients promoted an increase in phytoplankton biomass as determined by chlorophyll a and(More)
Spatial variation of chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentration was documented and significant correlations between COD concentration and chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) absorption, fluorescence, DOC concentration were found based on a cruise sampling in the northern region of Lake Taihu in summer including 42 samplings. The possible source of(More)