Guanghua Zhao

Learn More
The DNA-binding proteins from starved cells (Dps) are a family of proteins induced in microorganisms by oxidative or nutritional stress. Escherichia coli Dps, a structural analog of the 12-subunit Listeria innocua ferritin, binds and protects DNA against oxidative damage mediated by H(2)O(2). Dps is shown to be a Fe-binding and storage protein where Fe(II)(More)
Forty-five thermo-acidophilic, spore-forming bacteria were isolated from a concentrated apple juice-processing environment. All of them were Gram-positive, rod shaped, and strictly aerobic that most likely belong to the genus of Alicyclobacillus. A fast identification method-16S rDNA PCR-RFLP was used to identify them. The results indicated that at the(More)
Overexpression of human H-chain ferritin (HuHF) is known to impart a degree of protection to cells against oxidative stress and the associated damage to DNA and other cellular components. However, whether this protective activity resides in the protein's ability to inhibit Fenton chemistry as found for Dps proteins has never been established. Such(More)
Data reported here show that Ganoderma lucidum could biotransform inorganic selenite in the substrate into organic forms by intergrating Se into proteins (56-61%) and polysaccharides (11-18%) and other components. Furthermore, water- and alkaline-soluble protein components were mainly responsible for the storage of organic Se, and Se-Met accounts for only a(More)
BACKGROUND Herbal therapies are potential alternatives and adjuncts for depression treatment. The present study aims to investigate the antidepressant-like effects of hydroalcoholic Hemerocallis citrina extracts and its potential neuropharmacological components. METHODS Hydroalcoholic H. citrina extracts were phytochemically analyzed. Behavioral models,(More)
Human ferritins sequester and store iron as a stable FeOOH((s)) mineral core within a protein shell assembled from 24 subunits of two types, H and L. Core mineralization in recombinant H- and L-subunit homopolymer and heteropolymer ferritins and several site-directed H-subunit variants was investigated to determine the iron oxidation/hydrolysis chemistry as(More)
Plant ferritin from legume seeds co-exists with coenzyme NADH (a reduced form of nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide) in many foodstuffs. In the present study, the interaction of NADH with apo pea seed ferritin (PSF) was investigated by fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET), fluorescence titration, transmission electron microscope (TEM), and(More)
Chitosan-stabilized selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) have been reported, but there is no information on the effect of the chitosan molecular weight on the structure, stability, and selenium release properties of the SeNPs. Herein, we compared the uniform Se(0) spherical nanoparticles prepared through the reduction of seleninic acid with ascorbic acid in the(More)
There are many components with different properties co-existing in food, so interactions among these components are likely to occur, thereby affecting food quality. However, relatively little information is available on such interactions. In this study, we focus on the interaction between tannic acid (TA) and soybean seed ferritin (SSF), since they co-exist(More)
From microorganisms to humans, ferritin plays a central role in the biological management of iron. The ferritins function as iron storage and detoxification proteins by oxidatively depositing iron as a hydrous ferric hydroxide mineral core within their shell-like structures. The mechanism by which the mineral core is formed has been the subject of intense(More)