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BACKGROUND Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) are a widely researched adult stem cell population capable of differentiation into various lineages. Because many promising applications of tissue engineering require cell expansion following harvest and involve the treatment of diseases and conditions found in an aging population, the effect of(More)
Tenocytes reside in relatively avascular tissue and are difficult to expand due to phenotype drift and functional loss. Thus low O(2) tension culture was employed to enhance the expansion capability. The results demonstrated that low O(2) tension (2% O(2)) culture could significantly enhance the expansion of newborn pig tenocytes with 275-473% greater cell(More)
In vivo niche is known to play important roles in terminal differentiation of implanted bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs). This study explored the feasibility of repairing articular osteochondral defects using autologous BMSCs and biodegradable polymers. BMSCs from 18 hybrid pigs' marrows were either treated with dexamethasone (40 ng/mL) alone or(More)
In vivo niche plays an important role in determining the fate of exogenously implanted stem cells. Due to the lack of a proper chondrogenic niche, stable ectopic chondrogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in subcutaneous environments remains a great challenge. The clinical application of MSC-regenerated cartilage in repairing defects in subcutaneous(More)
The application of in vitro engineered cartilage has become a promising approach to repair cartilage defects. Nevertheless, the poor mechanical properties of in vitro engineered cartilage limit its potential for clinical applications. Studies have shown that the extracellular matrix (ECM) components are strongly correlated with the mechanical strength of(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated the beneficial effect of mechanical loading on in vitro tendon engineering. To understand the mechanism, human tenocytes and polyglycolic acid long fibers were used for in vitro tendon engineering in a bioreactor system for 12 weeks with and without dynamic loading. The engineered neo-tendons were subjected to proteomic(More)
Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) are considered as a promising cell source for cartilage regeneration. However, the heterogeneity of this cell source may affect their ability in cartilage formation. It is therefore necessary to establish an efficient method for isolating the cells that have chondrogenic potential. To date, no specific markers have been(More)
Proper cell source is one of the key issues for tendon engineering. Our previous study showed that dermal fibroblasts could be used to successfully engineer tendon in vivo and tenocytes could engineer neo-tendon in vitro with static strain. This study further investigated the possibility of engineering human neo-tendon tissue in vitro using dermal(More)
BACKGROUND Ear defects caused by traumatic injury, tumor ablation, and congenital deficiency are still challenging problems for the plastic and reconstructive surgeon. The authors developed a scaffold-free, ear-shaped cartilage by tailoring a multilayered chondrocyte membrane on an ear-shaped titanium alloy model and investigated the possibility of(More)
Adipose-derived stromal vascular fraction (SVF) cells are heterogeneous in nature, containing a number of different cell types. Recent studies indicate that CD34 may be a specific marker for adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs). Using their participation in hair morphogenesis as a model, the multi-differentiation potential of adult stem cells was(More)