Guangchao Liu

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Escherichia coli CMP-NeuAc synthetase (EC catalyzes the synthesis of CMP-NeuAc from CTP and NeuAc, which is essential for the formation of capsule polysialylate for strain K1. Alignment of the amino acid sequence of E. coli CMP-NeuAc synthetase with those from other bacterial species revealed that the conserved motifs were located in its N(More)
BACKGROUND Generation of robust cell-mediated immune responses at mucosal surfaces while reducing overall inflammation is a primary goal for vaccination. Here we report the use of a recombinant nanoparticle as a vaccine delivery platform against mucosal infections requiring T cell-mediated immunity for eradication. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand can induce apoptosis in many tumor cell lines. This apoptotic effect is mediated by interaction of TRAIL and its receptors, which include Death Receptor 4 (DR4) and Death Receptor 5 (DR5). Some antibodies to DR4 or DR5 do not have anti-tumor ability without cross-linking but exhibit anti-tumor ability(More)
Heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) is associated with tissue‑specific tumorigenesis in a number of mouse models, and has been used a as prognostic marker of cancer types, including breast and prostatic cancer. However, its role in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not well understood. Using immunoblotting and immunohistochemical staining, it was identified(More)
BACKGROUND Regulation of immune responses is critical for controlling inflammation and disruption of this process can lead to tissue damage. We reported that CXCL13 was induced in fallopian tube tissue following C. trachomatis infection. Here, we examined the influence of the CXCL13-CXCR5 axis in chlamydial genital infection. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL(More)
The role of P450 IA2 in the hydroxylation of acetanilide was examined using an inhibitory monoclonal antibody (MAb) 1-7-1 and vaccinia cDNA expression producing murine P450 IA1 (mIA1), murine P450 IA2 (mIA2), or human P450 IA2 (hIA2). Acetanilide hydroxylase (AcOH) activity was measured using an HPLC method with more than 500-fold greater sensitivity than(More)
Treatment of B6C3F1 mice with acenaphthylene, acenaphthene, fluorene, phenanthrene, anthracene and dibenzofuran resulted in induction of hepatic microsomal methoxyresorufin O-deethylase (MROD) activity. Acenaphthylene was the most potent inducer of MROD, a Cyp1a2-dependent activity, and was utilized as a prototypical inducer for this group of tricyclic(More)
During ex vivo growth as monolayer cultures, chondrocytes proliferate and undergo a process of de-differentiation. This process involves a change in morphology and a change from expression of chondrocyte-specific genes to that of genes that are normally expressed in fibroblasts. Transfer of the monolayer chondrocyte culture to three-dimensional culture(More)
Cytochrome P450s CYP2A1 and CYP2A2 exhibit 88% sequence similarity, yet CYP2A1 metabolizes testosterone almost exclusively (90%) at the 7 alpha-position, whereas CYP2A2 forms several metabolites, with 15 alpha-hydroxytestosterone as a major metabolite. One of the regions with relatively low sequence homology corresponds by sequence alignment to the I and J(More)
Although more than 100 Chlamydia pneumoniae hypothetical proteins have been predicted to be inclusion membrane proteins, only a few have been experimentally demonstrated to be in the inclusion membrane. Using antibodies raised with fusion proteins, we characterized four such hypothetical proteins encoded by two gene clusters (Cpn0146-147 and Cpn0284-285) in(More)