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Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the primary inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain. Although measurements of GABA levels in vivo in the human brain using edited proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) have been established for some time, it is has not been established how regional GABA levels vary with age in the normal human brain. In this(More)
Description: MRI Susceptibility Weighted Imaging discusses the promising new MRI technique called Susceptibility Weighted Imaging (SWI), a powerful tool for the diagnosis and treatment of acute stroke, allowing earlier detection of acute stroke hemorrhage and easier detection of microbleeds in acute ischemia. The book is edited by the originators of SWI and(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the functional brain localization with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after acupuncturing the Yuan-Source and He-Sea acupoints of Stomach Meridian of Foot-Yangming (ST). METHODS The study was performed in 30 healthy volunteers who underwent acupuncture at Yuan-Source acupoint (Chongyang, ST42) and He-Sea acupoint (Zusanli, ST36) (ST(More)
The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of vanadium absorbed by Coprinus comatus (VACC) on fracture healing in streptozotocin-diabetic rats. Forty-five male Wistar rats used were divided into three groups: normal rats (control), diabetic rats, and diabetic rats treated with VACC. A standardized fracture-healing model with a stable plate fixation(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate the hemodynamic response of the cerebral bridging veins to increased intracranial pressure (ICP) during normo- and hyperventilation. METHODS Flow velocity (FV(m)), diameter (D), and pulsatility index (PI) were measured and calculated in the cerebral bridging veins using Color Doppler Ultrasound in seven pigs, and cerebral blood(More)
OBJECTIVES To prospectively evaluate the impact of 3.0 T Cardiac MR imaging using dual-source parallel radiofrequency (RF) transmission with patient-adaptive B1 shimming compared with single-source RF transmission in the RF homogeneity, image contrast and image quality. METHODS The study was approved by the local institutional review board, and all(More)
Osteosarcoma, the most common primary malignant bone tumor, usually arises in the metaphysis of long bones. Amplification and mutation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene represent signature genetic abnormalities encountered in osteosarcoma. Noscapine is a benzylisoquinoline alkaloid derived from the opium poppy Papaver somniferum. Recently(More)
BACKGROUND HIV is a neurotropic virus which can cause brain white matter demyelination, gliosis, and other pathological changes that appear as HIV encephalitis or AIDS dementia. The purpose of this study was to investigate the change of the diffused condition of water molecules in brain white matter in early acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)(More)
Accumulating evidence has shown that microRNAs are involved in multiple processes in cancer development and progression. Recent studies have shown that miR-23a functions as an oncogene in various human cancer types, but its role in osteosarcoma remains poorly understood. Here, we demonstrated that miR-23a is frequently downregulated in osteosarcoma(More)