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BACKGROUND Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), the rate-limiting enzyme for heme catabolism and iron production, its role in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is controversial. The study was to investigate correlations between brain oxidative injury and HO-1 after experimental ICH. METHOD Sprague-Dawley rats received intra-striatal infusions of 100 μl autologous whole(More)
We investigate the navigation problem in lattices with long-range connections and subject to a cost constraint. Our network is built from a regular two-dimensional (d=2) square lattice to be improved by adding long-range connections (shortcuts) with probability P(ij) approximately r(ij)(-alpha), where r(ij) is the Manhattan distance between sites i and j,(More)
A growing body of evidence has linked two of the most common aged-related diseases: type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). It has led to the notion that drugs developed for the treatment of T2DM may be beneficial in modifying the pathophysiology of AD. As a receptor agonist of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1R), which is a newer drug(More)
  • Chenhui Ji, Guo-Fang Xue, Cao Lijun, Peng Feng, Dongfang Li, Lin Li +2 others
  • 2016
The incretins glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) and glucose dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) are growth factors with neuroprotective properties. GLP-1 mimetics are on the market as treatments for type 2 diabetes and are well tolerated. Both GLP-1 and GIP mimetics have shown neuroprotective properties in animal models of Parkinson's and Alzheimer's(More)
In this Letter we propose a kinematic model to explain how collisions with a surface and rotational Brownian motion give rise to accumulation of microswimmers near a surface. In this model, an elongated microswimmer invariably travels parallel to the surface after hitting it from an oblique angle. It then swims away from the surface, facilitated by(More)
We determined the torque of the flagellar motor of Caulobacter crescentus for different motor rotation rates by measuring the rotation rate and swimming speed of the cell body and found it to be remarkably different from that of other bacteria, such as Escherichia coli and Vibrio alginolyticus. The average stall torque of the Caulobacter flagellar motor was(More)
Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) is a growth factor. GLP-1 mimetics are on the market as treatments for type 2 diabetes and are well tolerated. These drugs have shown neuroprotective properties in animal models of neurodegenerative disorders. In addition, the GLP-1 mimetic exendin-4 has shown protective effects in animal models of Parkinson's disease (PD),(More)
The imposition of a cost constraint for constructing the optimal navigation structure surely represents a crucial ingredient in the design and development of any realistic navigation network. Previous works have focused on optimal transport in small-world networks built from two-dimensional lattices by adding long-range connections with Manhattan length(More)
We measured the distribution of a forward swimming strain of Caulobacter crescentus near a surface using a three-dimensional tracking technique based on dark field microscopy and found that the swimming bacteria accumulate heavily within a micrometer from the surface. We attribute this accumulation to frequent collisions of the swimming cells with the(More)
Adhesion to surfaces facilitates many crucial functions of microbes in their natural habitats. Thus understanding the mechanism of microbial adhesion is of broad interest to the microbiology research community. We report a study by fluorescence imaging and atomic force microscopy on the growth in size and thickness of the holdfast of synchronized(More)