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BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), C-reactive protein (CRP), and procalcitonin (PCT) in the prognosis of patients presenting with the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) with nephrolithiasis. METHODS Urine NGAL protein levels were measured by(More)
UNLABELLED WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: Thulium laser is a new generation of surgical laser. It is a minimally invasive technology with several advantages, including rapid vaporization and minimal tissue damage and bleeding. However, details regarding the safety and efficacy of thulium laser in treating BPH remains unknown. We(More)
BACKGROUND Bromodomain 4 (BRD4) protein is a double bromodomain-containing protein that binds preferentially to acetylated chromatins. BRD4 is essential for cellular growth and has been implicated in cell cycle control, DNA replication and carcinogenesis. However, its expression profile and prognostic value in urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) have(More)
Bladder leiomyosarcoma is a unique mesenchymal tumour, accounting for less than 0.5% of all primary bladder malignancies. Bladder leiomyosarcoma used to be treated with radical surgery in either old or young patients, often resulting in significant impact on the patients's quality of life after surgery. We report on a case of bladder leiomyosarcoma in a(More)
This is a case report of a 67-year-old patient with distant metastasis of prostate cancer to the right ureter which caused hydronephrosis. At the beginning, both of the cytology of the morning urine and imaging findings were consistent with urothelial carcinoma. Nephroureterectomy was subsequently performed. Interestingly, the pathological examination of(More)
Emerging evidence suggests that statins may decrease the risk of cancers. However, available evidence on bladder cancer is conflicting. To quantify the association between statin use and risk of bladder cancer, we performed a detailed meta-analysis of published studies regarding this subject. A literature search was carried out using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and(More)
Previous studies have reported that hyperoside and quercetin in combination (QH; 1:1) inhibited the growth of human leukemia cells. The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti‑cancer effect of QH on prostate cancer cells. The results demonstrated that QH decreased the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and increased antioxidant(More)
Quercetin and hyperoside (QH) in combination (1:1 ratio) have previously been shown to inhibit the growth of human leukemia cells. Here, we investigated the anticancer activity of the same mixture in 786-O renal cancer cells. QH decreased the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by up to 2.25-fold and increased the antioxidant capacity by up to(More)
BACKGROUND Prostate carcinoma is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The MAPK Signaling Pathway plays an important role in multiple tumors, including prostate carcinoma. MAPK signaling is mediated by ERK1/2, JNK and p38 MAPK, which are important in the control of cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. However, relatively little is known(More)
Prevention of renal fibrosis is an important therapeutic strategy in the treatment of obstructive nephropathy. The purpose of the present study was to identify whether the combination of two natural plant‑derived flavanoids, quercetin and hyperoside (QH), could inhibit renal fibrosis in the model of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) in rats. QH mixtures(More)