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BACKGROUND Bromodomain 4 (BRD4) protein is a double bromodomain-containing protein that binds preferentially to acetylated chromatins. BRD4 is essential for cellular growth and has been implicated in cell cycle control, DNA replication and carcinogenesis. However, its expression profile and prognostic value in urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) have(More)
Bladder leiomyosarcoma is a unique mesenchymal tumour, accounting for less than 0.5% of all primary bladder malignancies. Bladder leiomyosarcoma used to be treated with radical surgery in either old or young patients, often resulting in significant impact on the patients's quality of life after surgery. We report on a case of bladder leiomyosarcoma in a(More)
This is a case report of a 67-year-old patient with distant metastasis of prostate cancer to the right ureter which caused hydronephrosis. At the beginning, both of the cytology of the morning urine and imaging findings were consistent with urothelial carcinoma. Nephroureterectomy was subsequently performed. Interestingly, the pathological examination of(More)
Emerging evidence suggests that statins may decrease the risk of cancers. However, available evidence on bladder cancer is conflicting. To quantify the association between statin use and risk of bladder cancer, we performed a detailed meta-analysis of published studies regarding this subject. A literature search was carried out using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and(More)
BACKGROUND Prostate carcinoma is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The MAPK Signaling Pathway plays an important role in multiple tumors, including prostate carcinoma. MAPK signaling is mediated by ERK1/2, JNK and p38 MAPK, which are important in the control of cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. However, relatively little is known(More)
Previous studies have reported that hyperoside and quercetin in combination (QH; 1:1) inhibited the growth of human leukemia cells. The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti‑cancer effect of QH on prostate cancer cells. The results demonstrated that QH decreased the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and increased antioxidant(More)
Quercetin and hyperoside (QH) in combination (1:1 ratio) have previously been shown to inhibit the growth of human leukemia cells. Here, we investigated the anticancer activity of the same mixture in 786-O renal cancer cells. QH decreased the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by up to 2.25-fold and increased the antioxidant capacity by up to(More)
Prevention of renal fibrosis is an important therapeutic strategy in the treatment of obstructive nephropathy. The purpose of the present study was to identify whether the combination of two natural plant‑derived flavanoids, quercetin and hyperoside (QH), could inhibit renal fibrosis in the model of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) in rats. QH mixtures(More)
BACKGROUND Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) has exhibited antitumor properties against bladder cancer. However, its effects in interstitial cystitis (IC) have not been investigated. METHODS Here, we performed repeated cystoscopy and re-biopsy of bladder mucosa before and after intravesical irrigation of EGCG in eight patients diagnosed with IC based on(More)
UNLABELLED Argonaute 2 proteins (Ago2) have been demonstrated to be widely expressed and involved in post-transcriptional gene silencing and play key roles in carcinogenesis. However, its expression profile and prognostic value in urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) have not been investigated. METHODS Real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western(More)