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The reflection and transmission characteristics of a high-birefringence fiber loop mirror (HiBi-FLM), which is composed of a standard fiber coupler and one-section or multisection high-birefringence fibers (HBFs), are analyzed and discussed in detail. Theoretical reflectivity and transmissivity expressions for HiBi-FLMs with one-, two-, and three-section(More)
Value at Risk is a fundamental tool for managing market risks. It measures the worst loss to be expected of a portfolio over a given time horizon under normal market conditions at a given confidence level. Calculation of VaR frequently involves estimating the volatility of return processes and quantiles of standardized returns. In this paper, several(More)
2. Conraths FJ, Peters M, Beer M. Schmallenberg virus, a novel orthobunyavirus infection in ruminants in Europe: potential global impact and preventive measures. N Z Vet J. 2013;61:63–7. http://dx.doi. org/10.1080/00480169.2012.738403 3. Müller U, Steinhoff U, Reis LF, Hemmi S, Pavlovic J, Zinkernagel RM, et al. Functional role of type I and type II(More)
A method of precolumn derivatization GC with FID detection was developed for a simultaneous analysis of five major steroidal alkaloids of Fritillaria species, namely ebeiedine, ebeiedinone, verticine, verticinone and imperialine. Derivatization was carried out by trimethylsilylation of the hydroxyl-containing Fritillaria alkaloids to the corresponding(More)
BACKGROUND Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has now been established as an important community-acquired pathogen. Although necrotizing pneumonia caused by community-acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA) strains producing Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) has been reported with increasing frequency in many countries, it has been reported in only a few(More)
Power line inspection is an essential but costly task while automated UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle) inspection can greatly reduce such costs. However, navigating along power lines is a challenging task due to the narrow width and limited features of power lines. Existing power line tracking methods have threshold selection problems and cannot work well for(More)
As the green house gas emission becomes a serious problem, a lot of researches now focus on how to monitor and manage carbon footprint (CF) of a production process or transportation, especially in the supply chain. Usually, most of the carbon footprint management systems are based on databases. But database is not sufficient in describing the production and(More)
Artemisia annua is an important medicinal plant from which Artemisinin was extracted to cure malaria effectively. We developed eight microsatellite markers from the genome of A. annua using the FIASCO protocol. Polymorphism of each locus was assessed in 54 individuals from two Chinese populations. The average allele number of these microsatellites was 3.1(More)
Service computing technologies have been widely applied to many application domains to facilitate rapid system integration for desired goals. However, existing service models need to be enhanced for cyber-physical systems (CPS) and internet-of-things (IoT). In this paper, we develop an ontology model for the specification of services in CPS/IoT. First, we(More)
An energy management system based on Hierarchical fuzzy controller for the distributed hybrid wind-solar power system is designed. Based on hierarchical fuzzy control, the energy management system switches the mode of power supply and controls the load share according to the condition of wind power, solar radiation and load requirement. Through the suitable(More)