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Recent studies have demonstrated that mesenchymal stem cells could differentiate into germ cells under appropriate conditions. We sought to determine whether human umbilical cord Wharton's jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells (HUMSCs) could form germ cells in vitro. HUMSCs were induced to differentiate into germ cells in all-trans retinoic acid,(More)
Steroids are synthesized in adrenal glands and gonads under the control of pituitary peptides. These peptides bind to cell surface receptors to activate the cyclic AMP (cAMP) signaling pathway leading to an increase of steroidogenic gene expression. Exactly how cAMP activates steroidogenic gene expression is not clear, except for the knowledge that(More)
Identification of genes that are upregulated during mammary epithelial cell morphogenesis may reveal novel regulators of tumorigenesis. We have demonstrated that gene expression programs in mammary epithelial cells grown in monolayer cultures differ significantly from those in three-dimensional (3D) cultures. We identify a protein tyrosine phosphate, PTPRO,(More)
Microbial transformation of sarsasapogenin (1) with Mycobacterium sp. (NRRL B-3805) gave 25(S)-neospirost-4-en-3-one (2) as the sole product in 62% yield. Incubation of dihydrosarsasapogenin (3) led to the isolation of seven products in 0.5 (4), 6.6 (5), 5 (6), 16 (7), 1 (8), 1 (9), and 4.5% (10) yields, respectively, while 15% of 3 was recovered. Among(More)
We used an RNAi-mediated loss-of-function screen to study systematically the role of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) superfamily of enzymes in mammary epithelial cell motility in the absence or presence of the oncoprotein tyrosine kinase ERBB2. We report that although shRNAs directed against most of the PTP family were without effect, suppression of(More)
Ovarian cancer, which is the leading cause of death from gynecological malignancies, is a heterogeneous disease known to be associated with disruption of multiple signaling pathways. Nevertheless, little is known regarding the role of protein phosphatases in the signaling events that underlie the disease; such knowledge will be essential to gain a complete(More)
Most of what we know about the molecular genetics of flowering time regulation comes from studies in the model plants. However, little is known about the regulation of flowering transition in perennial species or in species with particular growth habits compared with model plants. Here comparative transcriptome and proteome profiling of spring shoots was(More)