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CRISPR/Cas has emerged as potent genome editing technology and has successfully been applied in many organisms, including several plant species. However, delivery of genome editing reagents remains a challenge in plants. Here, we report a virus-based guide RNA (gRNA) delivery system for CRISPR/Cas9 mediated plant genome editing (VIGE) that can be used to(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Recent in vitro and in vivo studies have suggested that reactive oxygen species (ROS) may play an important role in cardiac hypertrophy. It was therefore thought to be of particular value to examine the effects of antioxidants on cardiac hypertrophy. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG)(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The hypertrophic process is mediated, in part, by oxidative stress-mediated signaling pathways. We hypothesized that isorhapontigenin (ISO), a new resveratrol analog, inhibits cardiac hypertrophy by blocking oxidative stress and oxidative stress-mediated signaling pathways. We(More)
Antibiotic production in Streptomyces can often be increased by introducing heterologous genes into strains that contain an antibiotic biosynthesis gene cluster. A number of genes are known to be useful for this purpose. We chose three such genes and cloned them singly or in combination under the control of the strong constitutive ermE* promoter into a(More)
SET and RING-finger-associated (SRA) domain is involved in establishment and maintenance of DNA methylation in eukaryotes. Proteins containing SRA domains exist in mammals, plants, even microorganisms. It has been established that mammalian SRA domain recognizes 5-methylcytosine (5mC) through a base-flipping mechanism. Here, we identified and characterized(More)
MicroRNAs play important roles in controlling the embryonic stem cell (ESC) state. Although much is known about microRNAs maintaining ESC state, microRNAs that are responsible for promoting ESC differentiation are less reported. Here, by screening 40 microRNAs pre-selected by their expression patterns and predicted targets in Dgcr8-null ESCs, we identify 14(More)
Mechanisms by which odorants activate signaling pathways in addition to cAMP are hard to evaluate in heterogeneous mixtures of primary olfactory neurons. We used single cell calcium imaging to analyze the response to odorant through odorant receptor (OR) U131 in the olfactory epithelial cell line Odora (Murrell and Hunter 1999), a model system with(More)
AIMS Hazardous environmental and genetic factors can damage endothelial cells to induce atherosclerotic vascular disease. Recent studies suggest that class III deacetylase SIRT1 may promote cell survival via novel antioxidative mechanisms. The current study tested the hypothesis that SIRT1, specifically overexpressed in the endothelium, is atheroprotective.(More)
RNA polymerases can be shared by a particular group of genes in a transcription "factory" in nuclei, where transcription may be coordinated in concert with the distribution of coexpressed genes in higher-eukaryote genomes. Moreover, gene expression can be modulated by regulatory elements working over a long distance. Here, we compared the conformation of a(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS miR-122 is the most abundant microRNA in the liver and regulates metabolic pathways including cholesterol biosynthesis, fatty acid synthesis, and oxidation. However, little is known about mechanisms that regulate the expression of miR-122 in the liver. The aim of this study was to identify key transcriptional regulators for miR-122(More)