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During several months of 2003, a newly identified illness termed severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) spread rapidly through the world. A new coronavirus (SARS-CoV) was identified as the SARS pathogen, which triggered severe pneumonia and acute, often lethal, lung failure. Moreover, among infected individuals influenza such as the Spanish flu and the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS miR-122 is the most abundant microRNA in the liver and regulates metabolic pathways including cholesterol biosynthesis, fatty acid synthesis, and oxidation. However, little is known about mechanisms that regulate the expression of miR-122 in the liver. The aim of this study was to identify key transcriptional regulators for miR-122(More)
CRISPR/Cas has emerged as potent genome editing technology and has successfully been applied in many organisms, including several plant species. However, delivery of genome editing reagents remains a challenge in plants. Here, we report a virus-based guide RNA (gRNA) delivery system for CRISPR/Cas9 mediated plant genome editing (VIGE) that can be used to(More)
AIMS Hazardous environmental and genetic factors can damage endothelial cells to induce atherosclerotic vascular disease. Recent studies suggest that class III deacetylase SIRT1 may promote cell survival via novel antioxidative mechanisms. The current study tested the hypothesis that SIRT1, specifically overexpressed in the endothelium, is atheroprotective.(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Recent in vitro and in vivo studies have suggested that reactive oxygen species (ROS) may play an important role in cardiac hypertrophy. It was therefore thought to be of particular value to examine the effects of antioxidants on cardiac hypertrophy. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG)(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The hypertrophic process is mediated, in part, by oxidative stress-mediated signaling pathways. We hypothesized that isorhapontigenin (ISO), a new resveratrol analog, inhibits cardiac hypertrophy by blocking oxidative stress and oxidative stress-mediated signaling pathways. We(More)
Antibiotic production in Streptomyces can often be increased by introducing heterologous genes into strains that contain an antibiotic biosynthesis gene cluster. A number of genes are known to be useful for this purpose. We chose three such genes and cloned them singly or in combination under the control of the strong constitutive ermE* promoter into a(More)
MicroRNAs play important roles in controlling the embryonic stem cell (ESC) state. Although much is known about microRNAs maintaining ESC state, microRNAs that are responsible for promoting ESC differentiation are less reported. Here, by screening 40 microRNAs pre-selected by their expression patterns and predicted targets in Dgcr8-null ESCs, we identify 14(More)
We previously reported that polyploid giant cancer cells (PGCCs) exhibit cancer stem cell properties and express cell cycle-related proteins. HEY PGCCs induced by cobalt chloride generated daughter cells and the daughter cells had a strong migratory and invasive ability. This study is to compare the expression of cyclin E, S-phase kinase-associated protein(More)
Many taxonomically diverse prokaryotes enzymatically modify their DNA by replacing a non-bridging oxygen with a sulfur atom at specific sequences. The biological implications of this DNA S-modification (phosphorothioation) were unknown. We observed that simultaneous expression of the dndA-E gene cluster from Streptomyces lividans 66, which is responsible(More)