Guang-Ji Wang

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Human cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A subfamily members (mainly CYP3A4 and CYP3A5) mediate the metabolism of approximately half all marketed drugs and thus play a critical role in the drug metabolism. A huge number of studies on CYP3A-mediated drug metabolism in humans have demonstrated that CYP3A activity exhibits marked ethnic and individual variability, in part(More)
Berberine, one of the most commonly used natural products, exhibits a poor plasma concentration-effect relationship whose underlying mechanisms remain largely unclear. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that extensive first-pass elimination and abundant tissue distribution of berberine may be its specific pharmacokinetic properties. For that,(More)
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 is the most abundant enzyme of CYPs in the liver and gut that metabolizes approximately 50% currently available drugs. A number of important drugs have been identified as substrates, inducers, and/or inhibitors of CYP3A4. The substrates of CYP3A4 considerably overlap with those of P-glycoprotein. Both CYP3A4 and P-glycoprotein are(More)
Present study was designed to explore roles of metabolic clearance in the disposition of berberine (BBR) in rats, with a focus on oxidative metabolism and subsequent glucuronidation. Plasma from rats after intravenous administration of BBR was collected to identify and quantify BBR and its major metabolites. The major circulating metabolites of BBR were(More)
Berberine is an important ingredient in a number of traditional Chinese medicines but has been shown to have poor bioavailability in the dog. The aim of this study was to use the P-glycoprotein (P-glycoprotein) inhibitors cyclosporin A, verapamil and the monoclonal antibody C219 in in vivo and in vitro models of intestinal absorption to determine the role(More)
The potential for herb-drug interactions has recently received greater attention worldwide, considering the fact that the use of herbal products becomes more and more widespread. The goal of this work was to examine the potential for the metabolism-based drug interaction arising from seven active components (danshensu, protocatechuic aldehyde,(More)
Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang (HLJDT) is an important "heat-clearing" multiherb remedy of traditional Chinese medicine, and Radix scutellariae (Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, Labiatae) is a key ingredient herb in it. Baicalin and wogonoside are two main effective ingredients enriched in Radix scutellariae. In the present study, pharmacokinetic differences of(More)
Berberine (BBR), a hypoglycemic agent, has shown beneficial metabolic effects for anti-diabetes, but its precise mechanism was unclear. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is considered to be an important incretin that can decrease hyperglycemia in the gastrointestinal tract after meals. The aim of this study was to investigate whether BBR exerts its(More)
Overexpression of P-glycoprotein may be involved in multidrug resistance of epilepsy, but the mechanisms are not clear. The aim of the studies was to investigate whether chronic exposure of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) increased P-glycoprotein (P-gp) function and expression in brain of rats. Three drugs phenobarbital (PB), phenytion (PHT) and carbamazepine(More)
OBJECTIVE Obesity and type 2 diabetes are national and worldwide epidemics. Because currently available antiobesity and antidiabetic drugs have limited efficacy and/or safety concerns, identifying new medicinal agents, such as ginsenoside Rb1 (Rb1) as reported here, offers exciting possibilities for future development of successful antiobesity and(More)