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The relationship between functional MRI (fMRI)-measured brain signal and muscle force and or electromyogram (EMG) is critical in interpreting fMRI data and understanding the control mechanisms of voluntary motor actions. We designed a system that could record joint force and surface EMG online with fMRI data. High-quality force and EMG data were obtained(More)
Despite abundant evidence that different nervous system control strategies may exist for human concentric and eccentric muscle contractions, no data are available to indicate that the brain signal differs for eccentric versus concentric muscle actions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate electroencephalography (EEG)-derived movement-related cortical(More)
The increase in motor unit force that occurs with aging has been hypothesized to cause a decline in the ability to maintain a constant submaximal force. To test this hypothesis, young and elderly subjects performed a 12-wk strength-training program that was intended to increase motor unit force. The training program caused similar increases (%initial) in(More)
The purposes of this project were to determine mental training-induced strength gains (without performing physical exercises) in the little finger abductor as well as in the elbow flexor muscles, which are frequently used during daily living, and to quantify cortical signals that mediate maximal voluntary contractions (MVCs) of the two muscle groups. Thirty(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between EEG-derived motor activity-related cortical potential (MRCP) and voluntary muscle activation. Eight healthy volunteers participated in two experimental sessions. In one session, subjects performed isometric elbow-flexion contractions at four intensity levels [10%, 35%, 60%, and 85%(More)
A dynamical model is presented as a framework for muscle activation, fatigue, and recovery. By describing the effects of muscle fatigue and recovery in terms of two phenomenological parameters (F, R), we develop a set of dynamical equations to describe the behavior of muscles as a group of motor units activated by voluntary effort. This model provides a(More)
Current semiautomated magnetic resonance (MR)-based brain segmentation and volume measurement methods are complex and not sufficiently accurate for certain applications. We have developed a simpler, more accurate automated algorithm for whole-brain segmentation and volume measurement in T(1)-weighted, three-dimensional MR images. This histogram-based brain(More)
Muscle fatigue has been known to differentially affect the activation level of the primary motor cortices (MIs) of the brain's two hemispheres. Whether this fatigue-related decoupling influence on the motor cortical signals extends beyond the motor action to the after-fatigue-task resting state is unknown. This question can be addressed by analyzing(More)
OBJECTIVE The main purpose of this study was to investigate changes in finger interaction after stroke with strongly unilateral motor effects. Effects of age on finger interaction were also analyzed. METHODS Sixteen stroke subjects and 16 control subjects produced maximal voluntary contractions with different finger combinations by one hand and by two(More)
Coherence between electromyography (EMG) and electroencephalography (EEG) or magnetoencephalography (MEG) is frequently examined to gain insights on neuromuscular binding. Commonly, EMG signals are rectified before coherence is computed. However, the appropriateness of EMG rectification in computing EMG-EEG/MEG coherence has never been validated. Since(More)