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The physiological functions of heterotrimeric G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are dictated by their intracellular trafficking and precise targeting to the functional destinations. Over the past decades, most studies on the trafficking of GPCRs have focused on the events involved in endocytosis and recycling. By contrast, the molecular mechanisms(More)
Our previous studies show that group III secreted phospholipases A(2) (sPLA(2)s III) induces extensive neuronal apoptosis in brain cortical cultures. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying sPLA(2) III-induced neuronal injury/death are still unknown. Also it is not clear whether hypoxic pre-conditioning (HPC) is able to protect neurons from the sPLA(2)(More)
Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is characterized by advanced liver disease, hypoxemia and intrapulmonary vascular dilatation (IPVD). The pathogenesis of HPS is not completely understood. Recent findings have established the role of proliferation and phenotype differentiation of pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) in IPVD of HPS; the change in(More)
Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is characterized by a triad of severe liver disease, intrapulmonary vascular dilation and hypoxaemia. Pulmonary vascular remodelling (PVR) is a key feature of HPS pathology. Our previous studies have established the role of the pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell (PASMC) phenotypic modulation and proliferation in(More)
Inflammatory stimuli such as lipopolysaccharide increase nitric oxide and secreted phospholipase A2 release from glial cells. However, the signaling mechanism(s) regulating secreted phospholipase A2 in glial cells is not known. Here, rat brain astrocytes treated with lipopolysaccharide generated nitrite and released secreted phospholipase A2, while(More)
The syndrome of high-altitude de-acclimatization commonly takes place after long-term exposure to high altitudes upon return to low altitudes. The syndrome severely affects the returnee's quality of life. However, little attention has been paid to careful characterization of the syndrome and their underlying mechanisms. Male subjects from Chongqing (n = 67,(More)
Recently identified suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS) have been proposed as negative regulators of cytokine signaling, which have distinct mechanisms of inhibiting JAK-STAT pathway. In this study, using cultures of rat primary pulmonary vascular smooth muscle cells (PASMC), we found that hypoxia induced strongly STAT3 phosphorylation by up to(More)
Recent evidence suggests that TGF-β1 has a dual role in regulating cell response to Fas/Fas ligand (FasL)-induced apoptosis. TGF-β1 may play a positive or negative role on cell sensitivity to apoptosis via Fas/FasL system, depending on cell types and their specific environment. TGF-β1 and the Fas/FasL system are also involved in pathological processes of(More)
BACKGROUND Salmeterol and fluticasone combination (SFC) has anti-inflammatory effects and improves clinical symptoms in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the anti-inflammatory mechanism of SFC remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the inflammatory responses of COPD, as well as the relationship of the inflammatory(More)
BACKGROUND Hypoxia pulmonary arterial hypertension (HPAH) is a disease of the small vessels characterized by sustained vasoconstriction, thickening of arterial walls, vascular remodeling, and progressive increase in pulmonary vascular resistance, thus leading to right heart failure and finally death. Recent evidence demonstrated that massive pulmonary(More)