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BACKGROUND Animal behavior is governed by the activity of interconnected brain circuits. Comprehensive brain wiring maps are thus needed in order to formulate hypotheses about information flow and also to guide genetic manipulations aimed at understanding how genes and circuits orchestrate complex behaviors. RESULTS To assemble this map, we deconstructed(More)
This paper proposes an omni-directional UWB antenna pattern in azimuth cut, low voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR), and easy to construct antenna for ultra wideband (UWB) systems. The designed antenna uses the multi circular blade configuration with a radiating element and on two different ground planes (square and circular ground shape). The multi-circular(More)
We consider the spectrum of birth and death chains on a n-path. An iterative scheme is proposed to compute any eigenvalue with exponential convergence rate independent of n. This allows one to determine the whole spectrum in order n 2 elementary operations. Using the same idea, we also provide a lower bound on the spectral gap, which is of the correct order(More)
This paper presents a practical and simple broadside coupled-line balun with multi-layers profile microstrip line and broadside coupling structure to enhance the coupled coefficient and balanced output bandwidth. Designed broadside coupled-line balun design with a symmetric quarter wavelength coupled-line is developed to increase wider bandwidth efficiency(More)
An incremental learning by navigation approach to vision based autonomous land vehicle (ALV) guidance in indoor environments is proposed. The approach consists of three stages: initial learning, navigation, and model updating. In the initial learning stage, the ALV is driven manually, and environment images and other status data are recorded automatically.(More)
Model averaging is a widely used technique in biomedical applications. Two established model averaging methods, iterative shape averaging (ISA) method and virtual insect brain (VIB) method, have been applied to several organisms to generate average representations of their brain surfaces. However, without sufficient samples, some features of the average(More)
This paper considers word position information for language modeling. For organized documents, such as technical papers or news reports, the composition and the word usage of articles of the same style are usually similar. Therefore, the documents can be separated into partitions consisting of identical rhetoric or topic styles by the literary structures,(More)
If the initial condition for the Korteweg-deVries (KdV) equation is a weakly nonlin-ear wavepacket, then its evolution is described by the Nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) equation. This KdV/NLS connection has been known for many years, but its various aspects and implications have been discussed only in asides. In this note, we attempt a more focused and(More)