Guan-Sheng Jiao

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BACKGROUND Dengue fever, dengue haemorrhagic fever, and dengue shock syndrome are caused by infections with any of the four serotypes of the dengue virus (DENV), and are an increasing global health risk. The related West Nile virus (WNV) causes significant morbidity and mortality as well, and continues to be a threat in endemic areas. Currently no(More)
Furin plays a crucial role in embryogenesis and homeostasis and in diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, cancer, and viral and bacterial infections. Thus, inhibition of furin may provide a feasible and promising approach for therapeutic intervention of furin-mediated disease mechanisms. Here, we report on a class of small molecule furin inhibitors based on(More)
Anthrax lethal factor is a Zn(2+)-dependent metalloprotease and the key virulence factor of tripartite anthrax toxin secreted by Bacillus anthracis, the causative agent of anthrax. A series of guanidinylated 2,5-dideoxystreptamine derivatives were designed and synthesized as inhibitors of lethal factor, some of which show strong inhibitory activity against(More)
Bacillus anthracis, the causative agent of anthrax, manifests its pathogenesis through the action of two secreted toxins. The bipartite lethal and edema toxins, a combination of lethal factor or edema factor with the protein protective antigen, are important virulence factors for this bacterium. We previously developed small-molecule inhibitors of lethal(More)
Syntheses of a unique set of energy transfer dye labeled nucleoside triphosphates, compounds 1-3, are described. Attempts to prepare these compounds were only successful if the triphosphorylation reaction was performed before coupling the dye to the nucleobase, and not the other way around. Compounds were prepared as both the 2'-deoxy (a) and 2',3'-dideoxy-(More)
Three routes to regioisomerically pure 5- and 6-iodofluoresceins or 5- and 6-bromofluoresceins are described. The first, shown in Scheme 1, involves diazotization/iodination of the corresponding aminofluoresceins. In the second approach (Scheme 2) a mixture of regioisomeric fluoresceins was prepared, and the 5-bromo isomers were isolated as the ring closed(More)
[structure: see text] Regioisomerically pure bromo-substituted rhodamine derivatives (bromorosamines) were prepared via microwave-accelerated condensation reactions followed by oxidation with chloranil. Reaction optimization was conveniently performed by monitoring UV absorptions attributed to the product.
The thymidine analogue 1 is a blue-to-red energy transfer cassette designed to absorb UV light in the 300 nm region and emit it as fluorescence at around 520 nm. When incorporated into DNA, the fluorescence intensity of this modified nucleobase is not significantly reduced by the surrounding structure in the oligonucleotides. [structure--see text]
Through-bond energy transfer cassettes based on a fluorescein donor component electronically conjugated to rhodamine-like acceptors have been designed and synthesized. They absorb strongly at 488 nm (Ar-laser emission) and efficiently transfer the energy to the acceptor component that emits strongly. Further, the cassettes are more stable to photobleaching(More)
The prohormone convertases PC1/3 and PC2 are eukaryotic serine proteases involved in the proteolytic maturation of peptide hormone precursors and are implicated in a variety of pathological conditions, including obesity, diabetes, and neurodegenerative diseases. In this work, we screened 45 compounds obtained by derivatization of a 2,5-dideoxystreptamine(More)