Guan-Chung Wu

Learn More
In vertebrates, epigenetic modifications influence gene transcription, and an appropriate DNA methylation is critical in development. Indeed, a precise temporal and spatial pattern of early gene expression is mandatory for a normal embryogenesis. However, such a regulation and its underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood in more distant organisms such(More)
Two GnRH receptors (GnRH-R I and GnRH-R II) were obtained in protandrous black porgy (Acanthopagrus schlegeli). We investigated their tissue distribution, developmental/seasonal changes and regulation of expression using in vivo and in vitro (primary cultures of dispersed pituitary cells) approaches. The relative expressions of GnRH-Rs in the pituitary and(More)
Hermaphrodites have both sexes during their life, including an initial primary sex determination and in later stage maintenance one of the sexual fates (secondary sex determination). Sex change (secondary sex determination) occurs in animals, but it is lost in amphibians through, mammals in vertebrates. Teleosts have various strategies and mechanisms of sex(More)
Protandrous black porgy fish, Acanthopagrus schlegeli, have a striking life cycle with a male sex differentiation at the juvenile stage and male-to-female sex change at 3 years of age. We had characterized the sex differentiation and sex change in this species by the integrative approaches of histology, endocrine and molecular genetics. The fish(More)
RNA-seq analysis provides a powerful tool for revealing relationships between gene expression level and biological function of proteins. In order to identify differentially expressed genes among various RNA-seq datasets obtained from different experimental designs, an appropriate normalization method for calibrating multiple experimental datasets is the(More)
In fish, hermaphroditism is derived from gonochorism. No ancient ancestry and no single sex-determining mechanism are involved in the hermaphroditic fish. Furthermore, hermaphroditic fish have a common set of transcriptional regulators that are involved in gonadal differentiation. However, the origins and evolution of hermaphroditism in fish remain far from(More)
In most vertebrates, hermaphroditism results in infertility. However, hermaphroditism occurs in 6% of teleosts, which primarily undergo protogyny. Here, to elucidate the transient stage from gonochorism to hermaphroditism, juvenile black porgies as a model animal were fed a diet containing estradiol (E2) for 3 mo, followed by withdrawal of E2 treatment. The(More)
Protandrous black porgy fish, Acanthopagrus schlegeli, have a striking life cycle, with male sex differentiation at the juvenile stage, a bisexual gonad during first 2 yr of life, and a male-to-female sex change (with vitellogenic oocytes) at 3 yr of age. The present study investigated the role of aromatase (cyp19a1a/Cyp19a1a) in gonadal development in this(More)
Androgen administration has been widely used for masculinization in fish. The mechanism of the sex change in sexual fate regulation is not clear. Oral administration or pellet implantation was applied. We orally applied an aromatase inhibitor (AI, to decrease estrogen levels) and 17α-methyltestosterone (MT, to increase androgen levels) to induce(More)
The mechanisms underlying brain sex differentiation in animals are poorly understood. In the present study, using black porgy, Acanthopagrus schlegeli, as primary experimental model, we investigated the temporal expression patterns of receptors for androgen (ar) and estrogen (esr1 and esr2a) in the brain during posthatching ages and analyzed them against(More)