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Triacylglycerol lipase from Pseudomonas cepacia and Fe(3)O(4) magnetic nanoparticles were encapsulated simultaneously within biomimetic silica through the catalysis of polyallylamine. The encapsulation efficiency reached 96% with an activity recovery of 51%. After 5 h at 37°C, the activities of the free and encapsulated lipases decreased by 77 and 16%,(More)
Atherosclerosis and resultant peripheral arterial disease (PAD) are common complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus or end-stage renal disease and in elderly patients. The prevalence of PAD is higher in patients receiving haemodialysis therapy. For early assessment of arterial occlusion using bilateral photoplethysmography (PPG), such as(More)
This study proposes virtual-reality (VR) simulator system for double interventional cardiac catheterization (ICC) using fractional-order vascular access tracker and haptic force producer. An endoscope or a catheter for diagnosis and surgery of cardiovascular disease has been commonly used in minimally invasive surgery. It needs specific skills and(More)
Currently, minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is applied in the diagnosis and surgery using an endoscope or a catheter for neurosurgery and for endovascular diseases, such as aneurysm, atrial septal defect (ASD), embolization, and cerebral aneurysm. This study proposes virtual-reality (VR) simulator system for double interventional cardiac catheterization(More)
As inflow and outflow stenoses worsen, both flow resistance and pressure increase in the stenotic vascular access. During dialysis, when blood flow decreases, it may retrograde from the peripheral artery through the palmar arch to the arterial anastomosis site. Arterial steal syndrome (ASS) causes distal hypoperfusion, resulting in hand ischemia or(More)
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