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PURPOSE Cisplatin-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy is the standard treatment of nasopharyngeal cancer. The expression of excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) has been reported to be associated with resistance to platinum-based chemotherapy. We evaluated whether ERCC1 expression could predict the treatment response and survival outcome of(More)
Studies on gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) in young patients are limited due to their rarity, and none have been conducted in Asian populations. GISTs from patients under the age of 30 were retrospectively reviewed and were analyzed for clinicopathologic features, immunohistochemistry for SDHB (succinate dehydrogenase subunit B), and mutations for(More)
In subsets of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), mutations of the KIT and PDGFRA receptor tyrosine kinases correlate with tumor prognosis and response to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Determining genotypes in TKI-resistant GISTs is challenging due to the potential risks and limitations of repeated biopsies during the course of treatment. We(More)
Inflammation is a significant component of chronic neurodegenerative diseases. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is expressed in activated microglial cells and appears to be an important source of prostaglandins during inflammatory conditions. To investigate the effect of curcumin on COX-2 gene expression in microglial cells, we treated lipopolysaccharide(More)
PURPOSE The use of abdominal computed tomography (ACT) utilization is increasing to a remarkable extent in the pediatric Emergency Department (ED), but the clinical benefit of increased use of ACT for pediatric surgical patients remains uncertain. METHODS A retrospective review was conducted to investigate if, for patients who had visited pediatric ED(More)
To gain insight into the mechanism of memory B cell survival, we cultured highly purified subpopulations of tonsillar B cells with tonsillar fibroblasts. The fibroblasts greatly enhanced the survival of memory and naïve B cells but did not delay the rapid apoptosis of germinal center B cells. B cell activation was not observed during the period of culture,(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The current study examines the expression of molecular biomarkers in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and whether these findings correlate with the clinicopathologic features of the disease and patient survival. METHODS We analyzed the immunohistochemical expression of p53, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), c-Met, and insulin-like growth(More)
Previous studies reported that oxaliplatin is associated with sinusoidal obstruction syndrome. However few reports on oxaliplatin induced liver fibrosis are found in the literature. Furthermore pathogenesis of liver fibrosis is not well known. We report a case of 45-yr-old Korean man in whom liver fibrosis with splenomegaly developed after 12 cycles of(More)
While photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been recognized as a promising therapeutic modality for the treatment of various cancers and diseases, developments of effective photosensitizers are highly desired to improve the prospect for the use of PDT. In this study, we evaluated DH-II-24, a new photosensitizer, for antitumor PDT in vitro and in vivo. Loaded into(More)
Ganglioneuroma (GN) of the gastroin-testinal (GI) tract is rare tumor composed of ganglion cells, nerve fibers, and supporting cells of the enteric nervous system. Diffuse ganglioneuromatosis is associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia IIB (MEN IIB), neurofibro-matosis type I (NF1, also known as von Recklinghausen disease), multiple cu-taneous or GI(More)