Grzegorz Witkowski

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BACKGROUND Huntington's disease (HD) is a rare triplet repeat (CAG) disorder. Advanced, multi-centre, multi-national research frameworks are needed to study simultaneously multiple complementary aspects of HD. This includes the natural history of HD, its management and the collection of clinical information and biosamples for research. METHODS We report(More)
The expression and properties of voltage-gated Na(+) currents in cardiac dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons were assessed in this study. Cardiac DRG neurons were labelled by injecting the Fast Blue fluorescent tracer into the pericardium. Recordings were performed from 138 cells. Voltage-dependent Na(+) currents were found in 115 neurons. There were 109(More)
Pyramidal neurons of the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) exhibit dopamine-dependent prolonged depolarization, which may lead to persistent activity. Persistent activation of prefrontal cortex neurons has been proposed to underlie the working memory process. The purpose of our study was to test the hypothesis that activation of D(1) dopamine receptors leads(More)
Opioid transmission in the medial prefrontal cortex is involved in mood regulation and is altered by drug dependency. However, the mechanism by which ionic channels in cortical neurons are controlled by mu opioid receptors has not been elucidated. In this study, the effect of mu opioid receptor activation on voltage-dependent Na(+) currents was assessed in(More)
This study assesses the effects of ATP and GTP on the kinetic properties of voltage-gated K+ currents in anatomically identified postganglionic sympathetic neurons innervating the submandibular gland and the masseter muscle in rats. Three types of K+ currents were isolated: the I(Af) steady-state inactivating at more hyperpolarized potentials, I(As)(More)
The Achilles or calcaneal tendon is the structural base for the biomechanical work of the ankle joint. The purpose of this study is to describe the internal structure of the human Achilles tendon. The anatomy of the Achilles tendon has been described in lower mammals in which it has three parts which can be dissected from its beginning to the insertion onto(More)
Pharmacokinetic parameters after oral administration of 500 mg amoxicillin, 125 mg potassium clavulanate and 625 mg of their combination (augmentin) were determined in a randomized crossover study in ten healthy volunteers. The absolute bioavailability of amoxicillin (AUCoral/AUCi.v.) was 0.70±0.12. The mean maximum serum concentration of amoxicillin was(More)
We describe a case of 52-year-old woman with a medical history of Crohn's disease presented abrupt fever, asymmetrical multiple cranial nerve palsies and focal neurological symptoms localized to the brainstem. The patient was initially diagnosed with ischaemic stroke, because of acute clinical course and results of neuroimaging. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis(More)
Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) levels in medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) pyramidal neurons are altered in neuropsychiatric disorders. cAMP is a component of the transduction pathways involved in the control of ionic channels by metabotropic receptors. The purpose of this study was to determine whether cAMP modifies the activity of the G(More)