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Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induces endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and actin reorganization, all necessary components of an angiogenic response. However, the distinct signal transduction mechanisms leading to each angiogenic phenotype are not known. In this study, we examined the ability of VEGF to stimulate cell migration and(More)
BACKGROUND Caveolin-1 is a regulator of signaling events originating from plasma membrane microdomains termed caveolae. This study was performed to determine the regulatory role of caveolin-1 on the proliferative events induced by platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). METHODS AND RESULTS Treatment of VSMCs with(More)
The subcellular localization of endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) is critical for optimal coupling of extracellular stimulation to nitric oxide production. Because eNOS is activated by Akt-dependent phosphorylation to produce nitric oxide (NO), we determined the subcellular distribution of eNOS phosphorylated on serine 1179 using a variety of(More)
The relative importance of lipid rafts vs. specialized rafts termed caveolae to influence signal transduction is not known. Here we show that in cells lacking caveolae, the dually acylated protein, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), localizes to cholesterol-rich lipid raft domains of the plasma membrane. In these cells, expression of caveolin-1(More)
To examine endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) trafficking in living endothelial cells, the eNOS-deficient endothelial cell line ECV304 was stably transfected with an eNOS-green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion construct and characterized by functional, biochemical, and microscopic analysis. eNOS-GFP was colocalized with Golgi and plasma membrane(More)
Caveolin-2 is one of the major protein components of cholesterol- and glycosphingolipid-rich flask-shaped invaginations of plasma membrane caveolae. A new body of evidence suggests that caveolin-2 plays an important, and often more direct, role than caveolin-1 in regulating signaling and function in a cell- and tissue type-specific manner. The purpose of(More)
Caveolae are cholesterol and glycosphingolipid-rich flask-shaped invaginations of the plasma membrane which are particularly abundant in vascular endothelium and present in all other cell types of the cardiovascular system, including vascular smooth-muscle cells, macrophages, cardiac myocytes, and fibroblasts. Caveolins and the more recently discovered(More)
Caveolin-1 and -2 are the two major coat proteins found in plasma membrane caveolae of most of cell types. Here, by using adenoviral transduction of either caveolin-1 or caveolin-2 or both isoforms into cells lacking both caveolins, we demonstrate that caveolin-2 positively regulates caveolin-1-dependent caveolae formation. More importantly, we show that(More)
One of the many biological functions of nitric oxide is the ability to protect cells from oxidative stress. To investigate the potential contribution of low steady state levels of nitric oxide generated by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and the mechanisms of protection against H(2)O(2), spontaneously transformed human ECV304 cells, which normally(More)
In the present study, using a combination of reconstituted systems and endothelial cells endogenously expressing caveolins, we show that phosphorylation of caveolin-2 at serines 23 and 36 can be differentially regulated by caveolin-1 mediated subcellular targeting to lipid raft/caveolae and in endothelial cells synchronized in mitosis. Detergent(More)