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BACKGROUND Background The leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 gene (LRRK2) harbours highly penetrant mutations that are linked to familial parkinsonism. However, the extent of its polymorphic variability in relation to risk of Parkinson's disease (PD) has not been assessed systematically. We therefore assessed the frequency of LRRK2 exonic variants in individuals(More)
A rare variant in the Triggering Receptor Expressed on Myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) gene has been reported to be a genetic risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease by two independent groups (Odds ratio between 2.9-4.5). Given the key role of TREM2 in the effective phagocytosis of apoptotic neuronal cells by microglia, we hypothesized that dysfunction of TREM2 may(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder caused by genetic and environmental factors that results in degeneration of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic pathway in the brain. We analyzed neural cells generated from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) derived from PD patients and presymptomatic individuals carrying mutations in the PINK1(More)
Variants in the Omi/HtrA2 gene have been nominated as a cause of Parkinson's disease. This sequencing study of Omi/HtrA2 in 95 probands with apparent autosomal dominant inheritance of Parkinson's disease did not identify any pathogenic mutations. In addition, there was no association between common variations in the Omi/HtrA2 gene and susceptibility to(More)
The purpose of this study was to analyze the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of patients with cervical dystonia (CD) and the impact of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) therapy in these patients. The authors recruited 101 patients with CD, all previously treated with BTX-A. Both before and 4 weeks after injection of BTX-A the patients were assessed using the(More)
OBJECTIVE We studied the independent and joint effects of the genes encoding alpha-synuclein (SNCA) and microtubule-associated protein tau (MAPT) in Parkinson disease (PD) as part of a large meta-analysis of individual data from case-control studies participating in the Genetic Epidemiology of Parkinson's Disease (GEO-PD) consortium. METHODS Participants(More)
High-profile studies have provided conflicting results regarding the involvement of the Omi/HtrA2 gene in Parkinson's disease (PD) susceptibility. Therefore, we performed a large-scale analysis of the association of common Omi/HtrA2 variants in the Genetic Epidemiology of Parkinson's disease (GEO-PD) consortium. GEO-PD sites provided clinical and genetic(More)
OBJECTIVE Eleven genetic loci have reached genome-wide significance in a recent meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies in Parkinson disease (PD) based on populations of Caucasian descent. The extent to which these genetic effects are consistent across different populations is unknown. METHODS Investigators from the Genetic Epidemiology of(More)
In this study, we evaluated patterns, quantity and effectiveness of gestes antagonistes, the association between the severity of disease and the type of gestes and the clinical implications of the presence of gestes antagonistes in 33 patients with cervical dystonia, 19 patients (58%) presented a classic sensory trick (ST) while 14 subjects (42%)(More)
Mutations in the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK 2), encoding dardarin protein, have been demonstrated to be linked to autosomal dominant Parkinson's disease (PD). In the present study the entire exon 41 of LRRK 2 gene was evaluated in a series of 174 PD patients recruited from Polish population, aged at the time of diagnosis 54.0+/-39.1 years, 21 of(More)