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The present investigation reevaluated the German National Food Consumption Survey in order to obtain data on sucrose intake and food sources of sucrose intake in Germany. Moreover, it focused on the effect of sucrose intake on nutrient intake. By means of the food composition data base Bundeslebensmittelschlüssel, version II.2, 7-days dietary records of a(More)
OBJECTIVE Due to inconsistent results based on dietary intake data, unsaturated fatty acids in red blood cell (RBC) membranes and diet were used to investigate their association with allergic sensitisation and allergic rhinitis. DESIGN Cross-sectional, population-based study. SETTING Bavarian Nutrition Survey II (2002-03), Germany. SUBJECTS A total of(More)
In response to climatic changes, breeding programmes should be aimed at creating new cultivars with improved resistance to water scarcity. The objective of this study was to examine the yield potential of barley recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from three cross-combinations of European and Syrian spring cultivars, and to identify quantitative trait(More)
OBJECTIVE This paper aims at clarifying the meaning of 'optimal diets'. DESIGN Two different optimization approaches are considered. Both depart from people's actual diets which in general do not meet all their nutrient requirements. In the first case (non fuzzy approach) the actual diets are modified such that all nutrient intake recommendations are met(More)
Farming activity severely impacts the invertebrate food resources of farmland birds, with direct mortality to populations of above-ground arthropods thorough mechanical damage during crop harvests. In this study we assessed the effects of phenological periods, including the timing of harvest, on the composition and biomass of prey consumed by three species(More)
Leptosphaeria maculans and L. biglobosa are closely related sibling fungal pathogens that cause phoma leaf spotting, stem canker (blackleg) and stem necrosis of oilseed rape (Brassica napus). The disease is distributed worldwide, and it is one of the main causes of considerable decrease in seed yield and quality. Information about the time of ascospore(More)
Menu planning in hospitals is a complex decision problem. Patients expect the menu plan to be healthful and in accordance with their nutritional habits. Furthermore, the menu plan must conform to capacity limits of the kitchen. In this paper we present an approach to computerized food selection and menu composition. The model is based on nutritional(More)
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