Grushenka Wolfgang

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The toxicity of the optical isomers S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-L-cysteine (L-DCVC) and S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-D-cysteine (D-DCVC) was investigated in vivo and in vitro. In vitro studies, utilizing a rabbit renal cortical slice system, demonstrated toxicity due to both forms with the L-form being more toxic. Dose- and time-dependent decreases in intracellular K+(More)
The abilities of two experimental antioxidants (U-74006F and U-78517G), as well as the model antioxidant, diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine (DPPD), to protect against diquat-induced toxicity in male Fischer-344 rats were examined. Both experimental compounds afforded near complete protection against diquat-induced hepatotoxicity, as measured by clinical chemistry(More)
Renal cortical slices were used to determine the toxicity of N-acetyl-S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-L-cysteine (N-acetyl-DCVC) as well as to investigate the transport and metabolism of S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-L-cysteine (DCVC) and the N-acetyl derivative. N-Acetyl-DCVC produced dose- and time-dependent decreases in intracellular K+ content and lactate dehydrogenase(More)
The ability of the redox cycling compound, diquat, to induce lipid peroxidation and oxidative damage was investigated using hepatic microsomes. Antioxidants, with demonstrated efficacy in physical models of oxidative stress, were examined in a diquat model. Diquat (10 microM-3 mM) induced lipid peroxidation (TBARS) in hepatic microsomes prepared from(More)
The clinical usefulness of chemotherapeutic agents containing the platinum moiety is often limited by their nephrotoxicity. To investigate the mechanism of nephrotoxicity, and to assess the effects of platinum analogs on specific organelles and basal protein synthesis, biochemical and ultrastructural analyses were performed in rat renal proximal tubule(More)
The nephrotoxicity of three platinum-containing antitumor agents was compared at doses that approximate the LD10 (cisplatin) or the LD50 (CI-973, carboplatin) doses. Male Wistar rats were administered single iv doses of 45 mg/kg CI-973, 6.5 mg/kg cisplatin, or 65 mg/kg carboplatin and observed for 4 days. Cisplatin treatment increased blood urea nitrogen(More)
BACKGROUND Recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-I (rhIGF-I) accelerates recovery from acute renal failure (ARF) in rats. IGF-I acts through the IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) and its actions may be modified by IGF-I binding proteins (IGFBPs). It therefore would be of value to determine the effects of both ARF and rhIGF-I treatment on serum IGFBPs and mRNA(More)
A novel lipid regulator (PD132301-2) produces degeneration and necrosis of adrenal fasciculata in guinea pigs. Primary adrenocortical cell cultures from male Hartley guinea pigs were utilized to investigate potential mechanisms of this toxicity. Concentration-dependent loss of viability, measured by neutral red (NR) accumulation or MTT reduction, was(More)
To assess whether previously reported ultrastructural alterations of adrenocortical mitochondria induced by the acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) inhibitor PD 132301-2 are accompanied by functional deficits in tissue energy stores, phosphorylated adenine nucleotide levels in guinea pig adrenal cortex were quantitated. Adrenals of male guinea pigs(More)
A renal cortical slice system was utilized to investigate the events leading to site-specific nephrotoxicity induced by S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-L-cysteine (DCVC). DCVC uptake into renal cortical slices was shown to be rapid (5-15 min) as well as time- and concentration-dependent. Of the total amount taken up at 1 h, 40% was subsequently covalently bound.(More)