Grover C. Gilmore

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The authors used a correlated motion paradigm to investigate the effects of aging and gender on motion sensitivity. In 2 experiments with a total of 50 elderly and 50 young subjects, motion thresholds were significantly higher for elderly women. The correlated motion signal, which was embedded in random motion, may have been coherent to subjects in much the(More)
BACKGROUND In this study, we tested the hypothesis that low smooth pursuit gain in schizophrenia is related to an abnormality in motion perception. METHODS The subjects were 19 schizophrenics treated with clozapine and 19 controls. In addition to smooth pursuit and motion perception paradigms, sustained attention was also assessed using a continuous(More)
Recent evidence indicates that sensory and motor changes may precede the cognitive symptoms of Alzheimer's disease (AD) by several years and may signify increased risk of developing AD. Traditionally, sensory and motor dysfunctions in aging and AD have been studied separately. To ascertain the evidence supporting the relationship between age-related changes(More)
Deficits in visual cognition in Alzheimer's disease (AD) arise from neuropathological changes in higher-order association areas of the cortex and from defective input from lower-level visual processing areas. We investigated whether enhanced signal strength may lead to improvement of visual cognition in AD. We tested 35 individuals with probable AD, 35(More)
The present study was designed to compare the contrast sensitivity functions (CSF) obtained with the Nicolet CS2000 and the Vistech VCTS6500 for a sample (N = 25) of patients diagnosed with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) and a sample (N = 25) of healthy elderly adults. With the Nicolet, CSF were determined for gratings presented under static and rapidly(More)
Spatial contrast sensitivity was evaluated in normal elderly adults and a group with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) in three sessions over a 1-year period. There was evidence of a reduction over 1 year in contrast sensitivity for static, high spatial frequencies in both groups of subjects. A striking difference between the subject groups was observed in(More)
We examined performance of healthy older and younger adults and individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) on digit cancellation, a task putatively sensitive to cognitive impairment, but possibly affected by visual impairment, particularly in contrast sensitivity. Critical contrast thresholds were established to create custom(More)
Multiple forms of a symbol-digit substitution task were used to provide a componential analysis of age differences in coding task performance. The results demonstrated age differences in feature encoding, memory, and visual search. A 2nd experiment was conducted with young adults to investigate a sensory deficit as a locus of age differences. The spatial(More)
Pulsed fluoroscopy (hereafter called pulsed) at reduced acquisition rates, typically 15 acq/s (pulsed-15), is proposed to reduce x-ray dose in interventional procedures. However, since the human visual system (HVS) acts as a temporal low-pass filter that interacts with such acquisitions, the proper dose for pulsed must be obtained in perception experiments.(More)
The motion sensitivity of 15 probable Alzheimer disease (AD) patients and 15 healthy elderly adults was investigated with a correlated motion paradigm. The AD patients exhibited significantly higher thresholds for detecting the direction of motion. Contrast sensitivity for a 2 cpd, 7.5 Hz counterphased stimulus was related to motion threshold in the AD(More)