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PURPOSE To prospectively compare the effect of prophylactic and therapeutic whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) on memory function in patients with and without brain metastases. METHODS AND MATERIALS Adult patients with and without brain metastases (n = 44) were prospectively evaluated with serial cognitive testing, before RT (T0), after starting RT (T1), at(More)
BACKGROUND Intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) during breast-conserving surgery as a boost followed by whole-breast radiotherapy is increasingly used. METHODS Between February 2002 and December 2008, a total of 197 patients were treated with IORT as a boost (20 Gy, 50 kV x-rays; Intrabeam System, Carl Zeiss Surgical, Oberkochen, Germany) during(More)
INTRODUCTION Volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT), a complex treatment strategy for intensity-modulated radiation therapy, may increase treatment efficiency and has recently been established clinically. This analysis compares VMAT against established IMRT and 3D-conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT) delivery techniques. METHODS Based on CT datasets of 9(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The objective of the current study was to evaluate the acute effects of cranial radiation therapy (CNS-RT) using different radiation doses (0, 1.8, 2, 3, >or=20 Gy) on cognitive function with special emphasis on memory. We assessed patients with and without intracranial tumors to distinguish between direct and indirect radiation(More)
The randomized phase III trial TARGIT A showed non-inferiority regarding local control after intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT 20 Gy which was followed by whole breast radiotherapy (WBRT) in patients with risk factors only) in comparison to standard WBRT (50-56 Gy) after breast-conserving surgery in selected patients. This is the first analysis of long-term(More)
OBJECTIVE Many factors affect women's satisfaction with the experience of childbirth. Some of these are known, but most have not been fully evaluated. The influence of the mode of delivery is unclear. This study investigated the extent to which satisfaction with childbirth depends on the mode of delivery, and evaluated factors determining postpartum(More)
BACKGROUND Intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) is a new treatment approach for early stage breast cancer. This study reports on the effects of IORT on radiation-related quality of life (QoL) parameters. METHODS Two hundred and thirty women with stage I-III breast cancer (age, 31 to 84 years) were entered into the study. A single-center subgroup of 87 women(More)
BACKGROUND Intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) is currently being evaluated as a novel approach during breast-conserving surgery (BCS). IORT can be used either as a tumor bed boost followed by external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT) or as a single treatment. In a matched-pair study, we assessed quality of life (QoL) in 69 patients with early breast cancer treated(More)
BACKGROUND Intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) during breast-conserving surgery is increasingly used. We analyzed the influence of the interval between an IORT boost and external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) on late toxicity. METHODS Forty-eight patients received 20 Gy IORT (50 kV X-rays (Intrabeam, Carl Zeiss, Oberkochen, Germany) followed by 46-50 Gy EBRT(More)
PURPOSE Human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA and p16 status have both been reported as prognostic factors in anal cancer, but the prognostic relevance of combined detection and particularly HPV-/p16+ and HPV+/p16- signatures is unknown. We evaluated combined HPV DNA and p16 status as a prognostic factor of treatment response in anal cancer. METHODS 106 patients(More)