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OBJECTIVE Recent reports suggest that hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) can transdifferentiate into cardiomyoctes and contribute to myocardial regeneration after injury. This concept has recently been challenged by studies in which bone-marrow (BM)-derived cells do not acquire a cardiac phenotype after direct injection into ischemic myocardium. METHODS In(More)
BACKGROUND Elevated serum concentration of interleukin (IL)-6 is a predictor for poor prognosis in congestive heart failure. It was shown previously in rats, that IL-6 expression in the left ventricle (LV) was followed by LV hypertrophy. METHODS Using IL-6 deficient mice (IL-6(-/-)), we studied the role of IL-6 in a model of norepinephrine (NE)-induced LV(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Previously, we found that catecholamine (CA) infusion in rats induced pulmonary injury with edema and inflammation resembling acute lung injury in humans. Here, we examined effects of norepinephrine (NE) and of selective α- and β-adrenergic agonists on the remodeling of pulmonary extracellular matrix. METHODS Eighty rats were infused over(More)
We investigated the effects of normobaric hypoxia on rat lungs and hypothesized that the hypoxic exposure would induce lung injury with pulmonary edema and inflammation ensued by development of fibrosis. Rats were exposed to 10% O(2) in nitrogen over 6-168h. We analyzed cardiovascular function and pulmonary changes, lung histology and mRNA expression of(More)
Serum starvation has recently been shown to cause cell death of cardiac fibroblasts and increased synthesis of extracellular matrix proteins in the surviving cells. In the present study, events occurring in the dying cells were investigated. Cultured adult rat cardiac fibroblasts were exposed to serum-free medium. Cell number was measured using a Coulter(More)
We investigated the effects of salt loading on blood pressure, cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis as well as on the effectiveness of various antihypertensive therapies in young spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Twenty-five male SHR were salt-stimulated by drinking 1% NaCl from 3 to 6 months of age. Eighteen of them were treated for the last 2 weeks of(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that IL-1beta and IL-6 play a pivotal role after myocardial infarction (MI) particularly in aged rats. METHODS Chronic MI was induced in young adult (3.5 months) and aged (18 months) female Sprague-Dawley rats by ligation of the left coronary artery. Sham-operated animals of corresponding age served as controls. Heart(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play an important role in myocardial remodeling. Their activity is regulated by the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). The present study analyzed the contribution of changes in functional and molecular parameters to early cardiac remodeling in mice hearts. The role that TIMPs might play in this(More)
In several neurodegenerative diseases and myelin disorders, the degeneration profiles of myelinated axons are compatible with underlying energy deficits. However, it is presently impossible to measure selectively axonal ATP levels in the electrically active nervous system. We combined transgenic expression of an ATP-sensor in neurons of mice with confocal(More)
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is characterized by reduced muscle endurance and is often accompanied by respiratory complications. Improvement of respiratory function is therefore an important objective in MG therapy. A previous study demonstrated that respiratory muscle endurance training (RMET) over four weeks increased respiratory muscle endurance of MG patients(More)