Grit Lorenczewski

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Bispecific T-cell engager (BiTE) are a class of bispecific single-chain antibodies that can very effectively redirect cytotoxic T cells for killing of tumor target cells. Here, we have assessed the in vivo efficacy of one representative, called bscEp-CAMxCD3, with specificity for tumors overexpressing epithelial cell adhesion molecule (Ep-CAM) in human(More)
GM-CSF (granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor) plays a central role in inflammatory processes. Treatment with antibodies neutralizing murine GM-CSF showed significant therapeutic effects in mouse models of inflammatory diseases. We constructed by phage display technology a human scFv, which could potently neutralize human GM-CSF. At first, a(More)
A recent study reported on an anti-CD19/anti-CD3 single-chain bispecific antibody (bscCD19xCD3) exhibiting high activity against human B lymphoma cell lines (Löffler et al., Blood 2000;95:2098-103). In the present study, we have explored in detail the in vitro efficacy, T-cell donor variability, binding characteristics, specificity, kinetics and(More)
BscCD19xCD3 is a bispecific single-chain antibody construct with exceptional cytotoxic potency in vitro and in vivo. Here, we have investigated the biological activity of bscCD19xCD3 in chimpanzee, the only animal species identified in which bscCD19xCD3 showed bispecific binding, redirected B-cell lysis and cytokine production comparable to human cells.(More)
We have recently demonstrated that a recombinant single-chain bispecific Ab construct, bscCD19xCD3, in vitro induces rapid B lymphoma-directed cytotoxicity at picomolar concentrations with unstimulated peripheral T cells. In this study, we show that treatment of nonobese diabetic SCID mice with submicrogram doses of bscCD19xCD3 could prevent growth of s.c.(More)
MuS110 is a BiTE antibody bispecific for murine EpCAM (CD326) and murine CD3. A recent study has shown that muS110 has significant anti tumor activity at well-tolerated doses as low as 5 μg/kg in orthotopic breast and lung cancer models (Amann et al. in Cancer Res 68:143–151, 2008). Here, we have explored the safety profile of muS110 at higher doses.(More)
An important mode of action shared by human IgG1 antibody therapies is antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC). ADCC relies on the interaction of the antibody’s Fc portion with Fc-gama receptors (FcγR) on immune effector cells. The anti-tumor activity of human IgG1 antibodies is frequently assessed in mouse models. Binding of human IgG1 to murine(More)
muS110 is a BiTE antibody bispecific for murine EpCAM (CD326) and murine CD3. MT110, its human-specific analog, is in a clinical phase 1 trial for treatment of patients with adenocarcinoma of the lung or gastrointestinal tract. Recent studies have shown a therapeutic window for muS110, have explored single-dose toxicity of muS110, and have found that a(More)
EpCAM (CD326) is one of the most frequently and highly expressed tumor-associated antigens known and recently has also been found on cancer stem cells derived from human breast, colon, prostate, and pancreas tumors. However, like many other tumor-associated antigens used for antibody-based immunotherapeutic approaches, EpCAM is expressed on normal tissues(More)
Bispecific single-chain antibody constructs specific for human CD3 have been extensively studied for antitumor activity in human xenograft models using severe combined immunodeficient mice supplemented with human T cells. High efficacy at low effector-to-target ratios, independence of T cell costimuli and a potent activation of previously unstimulated(More)