Grigory Raykhtsaum

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This article presents recent results in the development of the skin and bone integrated pylon (SBIP) intended for direct skeletal attachment of limb prostheses. In our previous studies of the porous SBIP-1 and SBIP-2 prototypes, the bond site between the porous pylons and residuum bone and skin did not show the inflammation characteristically observed when(More)
Angio- and osteogenesis following the two-stage (TS) implantation of the skin- and bone-integrated pylon seeded with autologous fibroblasts was evaluated. Two consecutive animal substudies were undertaken: intramedullary subcutaneous implantation (15 rabbits) and a TS transcutaneous implantation (12 rabbits). We observed enhanced osseointegrative properties(More)
Inhalation of nitric oxide (NO) produces selective pulmonary vasodilation without dilating the systemic circulation. However, the current NO/N2 cylinder delivery system is cumbersome and expensive. We developed a lightweight, portable, and economical device to generate NO from air by pulsed electrical discharge. The objective of this study was to(More)
Direct skeletal attachment of limb prostheses is a viable alternative to traditional techniques that are based on a socket-residuum interface. Direct skeletal attachment may be a better or even the only method for patients with a very short residuum and high soft-tissue volume. The problem of integrating the prosthetic pylon with residual skin during direct(More)
This article presents results of the further development and testing of the "skin and bone integrated pylon" (SBIP-1) for percutaneous (through skin) connection of the residual bone with an external limb prosthesis. We investigated a composite structure (called the SBIP-2) made of titanium particles and fine wires using mathematical modeling and mechanical(More)
The data on human dermal fibroblasts and rabbit mesenchymal stromal cells cultivation on porous titanium implants are presented in given paper. Two types of implants were used: type 1--with irregular pores formed by pressed titanium particles and type 2--with regular pores formed by coalescence of one-size titanium particles into implant. The goal of this(More)
Composite pylons containing a solid titanium core with drilled holes surrounded by a porous sintered titanium shell have been fabricated and tested in bending along with the raw cores and pylons composed of the porous titanium alone. The new pylons were designed with the concept of enhanced in-growth of bone and skin cells and are intended for direct(More)
The paper presents data on the cultivation of human dermal fibroblasts and rabbit mesenchymal stromal cells on two types of porous titanium implants, i.e., those with irregular pores formed by pressed titanium particles and those with regular pores formed by the cohesion of one-size titanium particles inside the implant. The goal of this study was to(More)
Pineal tissue calcifications (male, ages 14, 47, 62, 82), which were metallographically embedded and polished at controlled levels and studied by transmission electron microscopy and microanalytic spectroscopy, showed age-related differences. Results show that concentrically arranged crescent-shaped lamellae increase in number and decrease in width with(More)
The advantages and process limitations of the latest generation of electron-beam-welded materials are reviewed. The study of metallurgical properties in the weld zone utilizes scanning electron microscopy and metallographic techniques. Various material and weld parameters are evaluated at they relate to final mechanical properties. The relationships of(More)
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