Learn More
Recognition of injured mitochondria for degradation by macroautophagy is essential for cellular health, but the mechanisms remain poorly understood. Cardiolipin is an inner mitochondrial membrane phospholipid. We found that rotenone, staurosporine, 6-hydroxydopamine and other pro-mitophagy stimuli caused externalization of cardiolipin to the mitochondrial(More)
Recently, phospholipid peroxidation products gained a reputation as key regulatory molecules and participants in oxidative signaling pathways. During apoptosis, a mitochondria-specific phospholipid, cardiolipin (CL), interacts with cytochrome c (cyt c) to form a peroxidase complex that catalyzes CL oxidation; this process plays a pivotal role in the(More)
Etoposide (VP-16) is extensively used to treat cancer, yet its efficacy is calamitously associated with an increased risk of secondary acute myelogenous leukemia. The mechanisms for the extremely high susceptibility of myeloid stem cells to the leukemogenic effects of etoposide have not been elucidated. We propose a mechanism to account for the(More)
Oxidative stress may contribute to many pathophysiologic changes that occur after traumatic brain injury. In the current study, contemporary methods of detecting oxidative stress were used in a rodent model of traumatic brain injury. The level of the stable product derived from peroxidation of arachidonyl residues in phospholipids, 8-epi-prostaglandin(More)
Phosphatidylserine (PS) is predominantly confined to the inner leaflet of plasma membrane in cells, but it is externalized on the cell surface during apoptosis. This externalized PS is required for effective phagocytosis of apoptotic cells by macrophages. Because PS trans-bilayer asymmetry is not absolute in different types of nonapoptotic cells, we(More)
The primary life-supporting function of cytochrome c (cyt c) is control of cellular energetic metabolism as a mobile shuttle in the electron transport chain of mitochondria. Recently, cyt c's equally important life-terminating function as a trigger and regulator of apoptosis was identified. This dreadful role is realized through the relocalization of(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether increased expression of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) protects cells from irradiation by preventing the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), a new approach to detecting free radical intermediates using ascorbate as an endogenous spin trap was used. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cells from the 32D cl 3 hematopoietic(More)
Studies in experimental traumatic brain injury (TBI) suggest both deleterious and protective effects of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). Early after injury, iNOS may be detrimental via formation of peroxynitrite and iNOS inhibitors are protective. In contrast, we reported impaired long-term functional outcome after TBI in iNOS knockout (ko) versus(More)
Programmed cell death (apoptosis) functions as a mechanism to eliminate unwanted or irreparably damaged cells ultimately leading to their orderly phagocytosis in the absence of calamitous inflammatory responses. Recent studies have demonstrated that the generation of free radical intermediates and subsequent oxidative stress are implicated as part of the(More)
Cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) is believed to induce neuronal oxidative stress via production of radicals. While oxygen radicals are not directly involved in COX-2-catalytic cycle, superoxide anion radicals have been repeatedly reported to play a critical role in COX-2-associated oxidative stress. To resolve the controversy, we characterized production of free(More)