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Under fusogenic conditions, fluorescent dye redistributed from the outer monolayer leaflet of red blood cells (RBCs) to cells expressing glycophosphatidylinositol-anchored influenza virus hemagglutinin (GPI-HA) without transfer of aqueous dye. This suggests that hemifusion, but not full fusion, occurred (Kemble, G. W., T. Danieli, and J. M. White. 1994.(More)
Time-resolved admittance measurements were used to follow formation of individual fusion pores connecting influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA)-expressing cells to planar bilayer membranes. By measuring in-phase, out-of-phase, and dc components of currents, pore conductances were resolved with millisecond time resolution. Fusion pores developed in stages, from(More)
Time-resolved admittance measurements were used to investigate the evolution of fusion pores formed between cells expressing influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA) and planar bilayer membranes. The majority of fusion pores opened in a stepwise fashion to semistable conductance levels of several nS. About 20% of the pores had measurable rise times to nS(More)
Cells that express wild-type influenza hemagglutinin (HA) fully fuse to RBCs, while cells that express the HA-ectodomain anchored to membranes by glycosylphosphatidylinositol, rather than by a transmembrane domain, only hemifuse to RBCs. Amphipaths were inserted into inner and outer membrane leaflets to determine the contribution of each leaflet in the(More)
Many viral fusion proteins exhibit a six-helix bundle as a core structure. HIV Env-induced fusion was studied to resolve whether membrane merger was due to the transition into the bundle configuration or occurred after bundle formation. Suboptimal temperature was used to arrest fusion at an intermediate stage. When bundle formation was prevented by adding(More)
We showed previously that substitution of the first residue of the influenza hemagglutinin (HA) fusion peptide Gly1 with Glu abolishes fusion activity. In the present study we asked whether this striking phenotype was due to the charge or side-chain volume of the substituted Glu. To do this we generated and characterized six mutants with substitutions at(More)
The effect of the cytoplasmic tail of influenza hemagglutinin (HA) (H3 subtype) on fusion kinetics and pore growth was examined An SV40 recombinant virus was used to express wild-type (WT) HA and HA mutants containing changes in the HA cytoplasmic tail. HA and its mutants were expressed in CV-1 cells and the ability of these cells to fuse to either red(More)
GPI-linked hemagglutinin (GPI-HA) of influenza virus was thought to induce hemifusion without pore formation. Cells expressing either HA or GPI-HA were bound to red blood cells, and their fusion was compared by patch-clamp capacitance measurements and fluorescence microscopy. It is now shown that under more optimal fusion conditions than have been used(More)
A hemagglutinin (HA) of influenza virus having a single semiconserved Gly residue within the transmembrane domain mutated to Leu (G520L) was expressed on cells; these cells were bound to red blood cells. By decreasing pH at 23 degrees C rather than 37 degrees C, an intermediate with properties expected of hemifusion just as the membranes are about to(More)