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Heart failure is a syndrome characterized initially by left ventricular dysfunction that triggers countermeasures aimed to restore cardiac output. These responses are compensatory at first but eventually become part of the disease process itself leading to further worsening cardiac function. Among these responses is the activation of the sympathetic nervous(More)
Heart failure (HF) is a growing epidemic with the annual number of hospitalizations constantly increasing over the last decades for HF as a primary or secondary diagnosis. Despite the emergence of novel therapeutic approached that can prolong life and shorten hospital stay, HF patients will be needing rehospitalization and will often have a poor prognosis.(More)
Simultaneous adherence with multiple self-care instructions among heart failure (HF) patients is not well described. Patient-reported adherence to 8 recommendations related to exercise, alcohol, medications, smoking, diet, weight, and symptoms was assessed among 308 HF patients using the Medical Outcomes Study Specific Adherence Scale questionnaire(More)
Several co-existing diseases and/or conditions (co-morbidities) are present in patients with heart failure (HF), with diverse clinical relevance. Multiple mechanisms may underlie the co-existence of HF and co-morbidities, including direct causation, associated risk factors, heterogeneity, and independence. The complex inter-relationship of co-morbidities(More)
BACKGROUND Levosimendan (LS) improves cardiac contractility without increasing myocardial oxygen demand. We administrated LS on a monthly intermittent 24-hour protocol and evaluated the clinical effect after 6 months in a randomized, open, prospective study. METHODS AND RESULTS Fifty patients (age 45-65 years) with LV systolic dysfunction and New York(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of digoxin on outcomes of patients with advanced heart failure (HF) receiving optimal contemporary therapy is not known. METHODS AND RESULTS We retrospectively reviewed data of 455 advanced HF patients referred for transplant evaluation (age, 52+/-12 years; ejection fraction, 18.3+/-8%); 227 (49.9%) were on digoxin at baseline.(More)
Patients with heart failure (HF) are hospitalized over a million times annually in the United States. Hospitalization marks a fundamental change in the natural history of HF, leading to frequent subsequent rehospitalizations and a significantly higher mortality compared with nonhospitalized patients. Three-fourths of all HF hospitalizations are due to(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the acute hemodynamic effect of moderate doses of nebivolol (vasodilating beta1-selective blocker) vs. metoprolol tartrate (non-vasodilating beta1-selective blocker) in systolic heart failure (SHF). MATERIAL AND METHODS 20 stable patients with SHF (left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction < or = 35%) underwent right heart(More)
Diabetic cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (DCAN), the impairment of the autonomic balance of the cardiovascular system in the setting of diabetes mellitus (DM), is frequently observed in both Type 1 and 2 DM, has detrimental effects on the quality of life and portends increased mortality. Clinical manifestations include: resting heart rate disorders,(More)
Cognitive impairment (CI) is increasingly recognized as a common adverse consequence of heart failure (HF). Although the exact mechanisms remain unclear, microembolism, chronic or intermittent cerebral hypoperfusion, and/or impaired cerebral vessel reactivity that lead to cerebral hypoxia and ischemic brain damage seem to underlie the development of CI in(More)