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To survey the quality of SNP genotyping, a joint Nordic quality assessment (QA) round was organized between 11 laboratories in the Nordic and Baltic countries. The QA round involved blinded genotyping of 47 DNA samples for 18 or six randomly selected SNPs. The methods used by the participating laboratories included all major platforms for small- to(More)
OBJECTIVES Resistance of tumor cells to multiple cytostatic agents is one of the major impediments of successful cancer chemotherapy. A large part of resistance of tumors to chemotherapy is caused by the ABC transporter P-glycoprotein encoded by the ABCB1 gene. The main aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value of ABCB1 genotype and phenotype in(More)
Breast carcinomas are characterized by DNA copy number alterations (CNAs) with biological and clinical significance. This explorative study integrated CNA, expression, and germline genotype data of 112 early-stage breast cancer patients. Recurrent CNAs differed substantially between tumor subtypes classified according to expression pattern. Deletion of 16q(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Many environmental and genetic factors influence the development of chemoresistance. The goal of this study was to characterize the genetic variation in the ABCB1, GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 genes, as well as the haplotype structure in the ABCB1 gene. METHODS Variants in these genes were studied in 109 healthy controls and 93 breast(More)
BACKGROUND Mammographic density adjusted for age and body mass index (BMI) is a heritable marker of breast cancer susceptibility. Little is known about the biologic mechanisms underlying the association between mammographic density and breast cancer risk. We examined whether common low-penetrance breast cancer susceptibility variants contribute to(More)
The CpG island spanning the transcription start of the glutathione S-transferase P1 becomes methylated in a variety of human cancers including breast cancer. To study the effect of sequence variation on hypermethylation of the GSTP1 promoter, we analyzed the genetic and epigenetic variability in 90 tumors from patients with locally advanced breast cancer.(More)
Genetic factors are thought to play a role in resistance towards chemotherapeutic agents such as 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Approximately 30 genes are directly or indirectly involved in 5-FU metabolism, and genetic variation in any of these may contribute to anti-tumor response. Polymorphisms in these genes were analyzed in relation to tumoral mRNA levels of(More)
BACKGROUND Increased mammographic density is one of the strongest independent risk factors for breast cancer. It is believed that one third of breast cancers are derived from breasts with more than 50% density. Mammographic density is affected by age, BMI, parity, and genetic predisposition. It is also greatly influenced by hormonal and growth factor(More)
PURPOSE The pathogenesis of testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT) remains unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the pathogenic role of functional polymorphisms in detoxification enzymes among TGCT patients, through association studies of constitutive genotypes and medical parameters before and after chemotherapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Germline deletion(More)
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