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The aim of this large cross-sectional population-based study was to examine the association between migraine, non-migrainous headache and headache frequency with depression, and anxiety disorders. From 1995 to 1997, all 92 566 inhabitants aged 20 years and above in Nord-Trøndelag County in Norway were invited to participate in the Nord-Trøndelag Health(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of headache and primary headache disorders like migraine and tension-type headaches among adolescents, and to explore the differences in headache prevalence and frequency by gender and age. This cross-sectional study was conducted in Nord-Trøndelag county, Norway, during the years 1995-97. In total, 8984(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the prevalence of symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and factors related to level of these in children who experienced a catastrophe as tourists and were therefore able to return to the safety of their homeland. DESIGN Face-to-face semistructured interviews and assessments. SETTING Children and adults were(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the relationship between recurrent headache disorders (i.e., migraine and tension-type headache) and lifestyle factors (overweight, low physical activity, and smoking) in an unselected population study among adolescents. METHODS In this cross-sectional study from Norway, a total of 5,847 students were interviewed about headache(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the association between the use of analgesics and primary headache disorders (i.e., migraine and tension-type headache) among adolescents in relation to age, gender, and headache frequency. METHODS This cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted in Norway from 1995 to 1997. The total study population consisted of 5,471(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of the headache diagnoses (migraine and tension-type headache) obtained from short interviews by nurses, where the subjects were asked to identify their headache(s) based on recognition of typical headache descriptions. All students in junior high schools and high schools aged 12-19 years in Nord-Trøndelag(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the prevalence of chronic headache (> or =15 days/month) associated with analgesic overuse in relation to age and gender and the association between analgesic overuse and chronic pain (i.e., migraine, nonmigrainous headache, neck and low-back pain). METHODS In the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study 1995 to 1997 (HUNT-2), a total of 51,383(More)
BACKGROUND To expand our understanding of social support and mental health, we introduce a measure of social support barriers and investigate the relationship between these barriers, social support, mental health and gender in survivors of the terrorist attack on Utøya Island, Norway. METHODS Survivors (N=285) were interviewed face to face. We used(More)
BACKGROUND A potential link between intimate partner violence (IPV) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been suggested, yet evidence is scarce. We assessed cardiovascular risk and incident prescription of cardiovascular medication by lifetime experiences of physical and/or sexual IPV and psychological IPV alone in women. METHODS A population-based cohort(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnostic criteria for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) have been revised for DSM-5. Two key changes include alteration of the clustering of PTSD symptoms and new PTSD symptom criteria related to negative alterations in cognition and mood. In this study, we empirically investigated these changes. METHODS We interviewed 325 adolescents and(More)