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Inhibition of mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I by rotenone had been found to induce cell death in a variety of cells. However, the mechanism is still elusive. Because reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role in apoptosis and inhibition of mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I by rotenone was thought to be able to elevate(More)
A method is presented for determining the retardation of diffusion of particles inside cells owing to cytoskeletal barriers. The cytoskeletal meshwork is treated as a repeating periodic two-dimensional or three-dimensional lattice composed of elements of given size, shape, and spacing. We derive an analytic expression for the diffusion coefficient relative(More)
The iodonium compounds diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) and diphenyliodonium (IDP) are well-known phagocyte NAD(P)H oxidase inhibitors. However, it has been shown that at high concentrations they can inhibit the mitochondrial respiratory chain as well. Since inhibition of the mitochondrial respiratory chain has been shown to induce superoxide production and(More)
The oxidative burst is frequently evaluated by the conversion of dihydrorhodamine 123 (DHR) to rhodamine 123 (R123) and hydroethidium (HE) to ethidium with the use of flow cytometry (FCM). Added R123 accumulates in mitochondria, but during phagocytosis R123 originating from DHR has been observed in neutrophil granules. The present study was designed to(More)
Apoptosis permits neutrophil recognition by macrophages, thereby not only limiting potential cytotoxicity but also promoting resolution of inflammation. A direct relationship between apoptosis and intracellular hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) production was observed in phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) -stimulated neutrophils aged in culture. A significant(More)
We present an application which can rapidly determine the binding patterns of monoclonal antibodies on mixed populations of cells simultaneously in a single rapid analysis. It is an application of the tube identifier parameter (TIP) system which can provide fully correlated list-mode data of the entire patient phenotype in a single file. Using the phenogram(More)
We propose a method which significantly shortens the time required for both the collection and analysis of data derived from multiple sample, flow cytometric kinetic assays. We have defined the term Time Interval Gating (TIG) to describe this method. TIG effectively allows one flow cytometer to concurrently monitor several samples over the course of a(More)
This unit presents protocols for counting cells using either a hemacytometer or electronically using a Coulter counter. Cell counting with a hemacytometer permits effective discrimination of live from dead cells using trypan blue exclusion. In addition, the procedure is less subject to errors arising from cell clumping or size heterogeneity. Counting cells(More)
Today, there are three competing technologies (exemplified by five products) to provide head-pointing mouse emulation. Since the manufacturers of each of these devices claims to provide similar functionality, it can be difficult for the clinician to decide which is the appropriate device for a client. The current study compares the functional performance of(More)