Neurologic events associated with antiphospholipid antibodies (aPAs) include transient ischemic attack, stroke, and vascular dementia in individuals much younger than is typically observed with these disorders. The present study evaluated 27 non-elderly adults with aPAs but without concurrent disease processes or history of neurologic event and 27 age- and… (More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if migraineurs with aura respond differently to biofeedback/relaxation than those without aura and, if so, whether the variability in outcome can be explained by blood flow velocity. Background.-The relationship between cerebral blood flow velocity and treatment response to biofeedback/relaxation in migraine with and without aura is… (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE There is mounting evidence of endothelial activation and dysfunction in migraine. Our objectives were to determine in a population of premenopausal women whether endothelial activation markers are associated with migraine. METHODS Women (18 to 50 years) with and without migraine and free from cardiovascular disease were evaluated… (More)
Anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) are a risk factor for cerebral ischemia. In migraine, the association is controversial, with widely varying results in different small series. The controversy in part may be due to the inherent difficulty in distinguishing the transient focal neurologic events (TFNE) of migraine from TIA. To assess the frequency of aCL in… (More)
OBJECTIVE To better define, in women with headache, the relationship of depression and somatic symptoms to headache, characterized by diagnoses, frequency, and disability. METHODS At six headache specialty clinics, women with headache were classified using ICHD-II criteria, and frequency was recorded. A questionnaire addressing demographics, age at onset… (More)
The authors determined von Willebrand factor (vWF) in 63 persons with migraine, 11 persons with migraine and prior stroke, and 35 frequency-matched controls. Additional studies were done in a subset with migraine without aura who were headache free for >7 days. Migraineurs with prior stroke had significantly higher vWF antigen (170% versus 106%) and… (More)
The authors report eight pregnant women with acute ischemic stroke treated with thrombolysis (rt-PA [recombinant human tissue plasminogen activator] or urokinase). Seven women recovered. Two extracranial and two asymptomatic intracranial hemorrhages complicated treatment; one woman died of arterial dissection complicating angiography. Three patients had… (More)
We report three cases of cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) dissection, which presented with visual symptoms resembling the migraine aura. When prolonged and especially when associated with other neurologic symptoms, such transient and positive visual phenomena can be manifestations of ICA dissection that mimic migraine.