Gretchen Biesecker

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Genetic susceptibility to antisocial behavior may increase fetal sensitivity to prenatal exposure to cigarette smoke. Testing putative gene x exposure mechanisms requires precise measurement of exposure and outcomes. We tested whether a functional polymorphism in the gene encoding the enzyme monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) interacts with exposure to predict(More)
This investigation examined the longitudinal prediction of emotional availability in mother-child interaction during middle childhood from two indicators of socioemotional functioning in infancy: security of infant-mother attachment; and maternal depressive symptoms. Forty-five children and their mothers were seen during infancy: security of attachment was(More)
INTRODUCTION Retrospective recall of smoking during pregnancy is assumed to be substantially biased, but this has rarely been tested empirically. METHODS We examined the validity of an interview-based retrospective recall more than a decade after pregnancy, in a cohort with repeated, multimethod characterization of pregnancy smoking (N = 245).(More)
Genetically related susceptibility for experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis was investigated in nine inbred strains of rats immunized with heterologous acetylcholine (AChR) from Torpedo californica. Wistar Munich and Fischer strain animals consistently developed severe, fatal disease associated with impaired neuromuscular transmission and increased(More)
The membrane attack complex (MAC) of the complement system was localized in both glomeruli and peritubular regions of 22 kidneys manifesting systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) nephritis. A similar distribution was observed for immune complex markers (IgG, Clq, and C3) and MAC in glomeruli, although the deposits of MAC were more discrete and showed lesser(More)
The role of the lytic complement C5b-9 membrane attack complex (MAC) in acute passive transfer experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG) produced in rats was investigated by in vivo inhibition of MAC formation with anti-C6 Fab. Anti-C6 Fab totally inhibited in vitro serum hemolytic activity, but did not consume or inhibit early complement pathways.(More)
This study was conducted to gain insight into the process of assembly of the membrane attack complex (MAC) of complement through structural analysis. Four intermediate complexes and the MAC were examined by electron microscopy and by sucrose density-gradient ultracentrifugation. The C5b-6 complex has a sedimentation rate of 11S, an elongated, slightly(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro role of the complement membrane attack complex (MAC) in the injury induced by nephritogenic anti-brush border vesicle (Fx1A) antibodies on rat glomerular visceral epithelial cells (GEC). Both sheep and rabbit anti-rat brush border vesicle IgG-induced complement-dependent lysis of cultured GEC. Fab(More)