Gretchen A. Cress

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OBJECTIVE Although many centers have introduced more restrictive transfusion policies for preterm infants in recent years, the benefits and adverse consequences of allowing lower hematocrit levels have not been systematically evaluated. The objective of this study was to determine if restrictive guidelines for red blood cell (RBC) transfusions for preterm(More)
OBJECTIVE Because blood loss attributable to laboratory testing is the primary cause of anemia among preterm infants during the first weeks of life, we quantified blood lost attributable to phlebotomy overdraw, ie, excess that might be avoided. We hypothesized that phlebotomy overdraw in excess of that requested by the hospital laboratory was a common(More)
BACKGROUND Most neonates less than 1.0 kg birth weight need red blood cell (RBC) transfusions. Delayed clamping of the umbilical cord 1 minute after delivery transfuses the neonate with autologous placental blood to expand blood volume and provide 60 percent more RBCs than after immediate clamping. This study compared hematologic and clinical effects of(More)
BACKGROUND One problem assessing the hematologic physiology of preterm infants after delivery and/or the efficacy and toxicity of therapeutic interventions affecting RBC measurements is the inability of blood Hct values to accurately reflect circulating RBC volume-owing to changes in plasma volume that influence Hct (i.e., a fall in plasma volume(More)
PURPOSE To compare neonatal laboratory results from capillary blood samples drawn using the Tenderfoot automated capillary sampling device with those drawn through arterial catheters. DESIGN Prospective, paired comparisons of laboratory results from capillary and arterial blood. SAMPLE Twenty-one infants being cared for in an NICU and having indwelling(More)
BACKGROUND Safe, accurate methods permitting simultaneous and/or repeated measurement of red blood cell (RBC) survival (RCS) are important to investigate pathophysiology and therapy of anemia. Methods using chromium 51 ((51) Cr)-labeled RBCs are unacceptable for infants, children, and pregnant women. We report RCS measured in vivo using RBCs labeled with(More)
OBJECTIVES Most extremely low birth weight (<1 kg) infants receive red blood cell (RBC) transfusions. RBCs stored up to 42 days can be transfused safely in small volumes to preterm infants; however, because the formulation of RBC anticoagulant/preservative solutions differs, clinical studies are required to document the safety of each solution before(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the bias, precision, and blood loss characteristics of an ex vivo in-line point-of-care testing blood gas and electrolyte monitor designed for use in critically ill newborn infants. STUDY DESIGN Study participants included consecutive neonates with an umbilical artery catheter (UAC) in use for clinical laboratory testing. The in-line(More)
BACKGROUND The feasibility, efficacy, and safety of transfusing stored allogeneic RBCs has been demonstrated for small-volume transfusions given to infants. We measured the posttransfusion recovery and intravascular survival of allogeneic RBCs stored up to 42 days to further elucidate their efficacy. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Preterm infants were(More)
BACKGROUND Anemia is a serious problem in critically ill neonates. To investigate the pathophysiology of anemia and responses to red blood cell (RBC) transfusions and erythropoietin therapy, repeated measurement of red blood cell volume (RCV) and blood volume is useful. To extend our previous sheep study in which RBCs were labeled at four different biotin(More)