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Nanovid (video-enhanced) microscopy was used to determine whether lateral diffusion in the plasma membrane of colloidal gold-tagged lipid molecules is confined or is unrestricted. Confinement could be produced by domains within the plane of the plasma membrane or by filamentous barriers within the pericellular matrix. Fluorescein-phosphatidylethanolamine(More)
A radioimmunoassay, immunohistochemical techniques, and high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) methods have been developed for the study of the pentapeptide proctolin in the lobster Homarus americanus. Proctolin-like immunoreactivity is present in nearly every portion of the lobster nervous system; immunoreactivity is found in the brain, in each of the(More)
BACKGROUND Our goal was to set up an ex vivo culture system to assess whether cartilage wounding (partial-thickness defects) can induce morphological changes in neighboring chondrocytes and whether these cells can translocate to the surface of the defect. METHODS Two-millimeter partial-depth defects were created in human osteochondral explants followed by(More)
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