Greta M. Lee

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Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins participate in many cell surface functions; however, the molecular associations of these lipid-linked proteins within the plasma membrane are not well understood. Recent biochemical analyses of detergent insoluble membrane fractions have suggested that GPI-anchored proteins may be associated with(More)
The mechanical environment of the chondrocyte is an important factor that influences the maintenance of the articular cartilage extracellular matrix. Previous studies have utilized theoretical models of chondrocytes within articular cartilage to predict the stress-strain and fluid flow environments around the cell, but little is currently known regarding(More)
Nanovid (video-enhanced) microscopy was used to determine whether lateral diffusion in the plasma membrane of colloidal gold-tagged lipid molecules is confined or is unrestricted. Confinement could be produced by domains within the plane of the plasma membrane or by filamentous barriers within the pericellular matrix. Fluorescein-phosphatidylethanolamine(More)
Nanovid microscopy, which uses 30- to 40-nm colloidal gold probes combined with video-enhanced contrast, can be used to examine random and directed movements of individual molecules in the plasma membrane of living cells. To validate the technique in a model system, the movements of lipid molecules were followed in a supported, planar bilayer containing(More)
The deformation behavior and mechanical properties of articular chondrocytes are believed to play an important role in their response to mechanical loading of the extracellular matrix. This study utilized the micropipette aspiration test to measure the viscoelastic properties of chondrocytes isolated from macroscopically normal or end-stage osteoarthritic(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop and test a simple enzymatic procedure for isolating chondrons, which consist of the chondrocytes and their surrounding pericellular microenvironment. DESIGN Chondrons were obtained by digesting adult human articular cartilage with a mixture of dispase and collagenase. Chondrons and chondrocytes were cultured in alginate beads,(More)
INTRODUCTION Chondrocytes in articular cartilage utilize mechanical signals to regulate their metabolic activity. A fundamental step in determining the role of various biophysical factors in this process is to characterize the local mechanical environment of the chondrocyte under physiological loading. METHODS A combined experimental and theoretical(More)
Using nuclei isolated from less than 0.2 g tissue or 10(7) cells, a method is presented for the quantitative determination of amounts of DNA per cell at the picogram level. This technique is based on the enhanced fluorescence of 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) when it binds to DNA. A rapid, one-step nuclear isolation and DNA staining procedure is used(More)
The interaction of the cell with its surrounding extracellular matrix (ECM) has a major effect on cell metabolism. We have previously shown that chondrons, chondrocytes with their in vivo-formed pericellular matrix, can be enzymatically isolated from articular cartilage. To study the effect of the native chondrocyte pericellular matrix on ECM production and(More)
To better understand the dynamic interaction of cells with their surrounding extracellular matrix, chondrocytes and rat embryo fibroblasts were overlaid with individual collagen fibrils and observed with high-resolution video-enhanced differential interference contrast microscopy. Although the cells had a polygonal shape characteristic of nonmotile cells,(More)