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BACKGROUND Growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) is a stress-responsive cytokine linked to obesity comorbidities such as cardiovascular disease, inflammation, and cancer. GDF-15 also has adipokine properties and recently emerged as a prognostic biomarker for cardiovascular events. METHODS We evaluated the relationship of plasma GDF-15 concentrations(More)
Oxytocin is a hormone and neurotransmitter found to have anti-inflammatory functions in rodents. Here we used experimental bacterial endotoxinemia to examine the role of exogenous oxytocin administration on innate immune responses in humans. Ten healthy men received, in a randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover design, placebo, oxytocin, LPS, and LPS +(More)
Circulating levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and NH(2)-terminal-proBNP (NT-proBNP) increase in response to volume overload and help in the differential diagnosis of acute heart failure. Elevated plasma BNP levels are observed also in sepsis and do not always correspond to left ventricular dysfunction. Here, we investigated plasma NT-proBNP(More)
Chronic heart failure is accompanied by anorexia and increased release of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) from ventricular cardiomyocytes. The pathophysiological mechanisms linking heart failure and appetite regulation remain unknown. In this study, we investigated the impact of intravenous BNP administration on appetite-regulating hormones and subjective(More)
OBJECTIVE Ghrelin and peptide YY (PYY) are both hormones derived from the gastrointestinal tract involved in appetite regulation. The cholinergic part of the vagal nerve is involved in the regulation of glucose and insulin. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the cholinergic antagonist atropine on ghrelin, PYY, glucose, and insulin under(More)
Secretagogin is a recently cloned human beta-cell-expressed EF-hand Ca(2+)-binding protein. Converging evidence indicates that it exerts Ca(2+) sensor activity and is involved in regulation of insulin synthesis and secretion. To obtain a potent tool for the extension of its functional analysis in rat in vitro systems, we cloned the rat homolog of human(More)
Cardiovascular biomarkers provide independent prognostic information in the assessment of mortality and cardiovascular complications. However, little is known about possible interactions between these biomarkers. In the present study, we evaluated the influence of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) on midregional-proadrenomedullin (MR-proADM),(More)
W e appreciate the interest of Jordan and Birkenfeld (1) on our recent publication in Diabetes (2). In this article, we showed that intravenous infusion of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) decreases hunger and increases satiety in healthy men and lowers circulating concentrations of ghrelin and acylated ghrelin in the absence of changes in other(More)
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