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Deep to moderate hypothermia (24 degrees to 30 degrees C) during focal cerebral ischemia reduces infarct volume but must be initiated before the onset of ischemia to be effective and has deleterious pulmonary, myocardial and neurological effects. It is not known whether mild hypothermia (32 degrees to 33 degrees C) protects against ischemic neuronal damage,(More)
To determine the relationship between reductions in the apparent diffusion coefficient of water (ADC) and in cerebral blood flow (CBF) during focal ischemia, we used diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance (D-MR) imaging and autoradiographic CBF analysis to examine rats subjected to 30 or 90 min of permanent middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion. In the(More)
Oxidative damage by free radicals has been proposed as a mechanism of cerebral injury due to ischemia and reperfusion. Hypothermia protects against ischemic necrosis; however, its effect on oxidative stress has not been investigated. In this study, the effects of hypothermia on oxidative stress were studied by determining consumption of endogenous(More)
The occurrence of errors is often thought to impede associative learning. This was tested in 2 studies, each of which involved 2 sessions. In Session 1, subjects learned foreign vocabulary (Experiment 1) or obscure English words (Experiment 2) and received 2 tests (each with corrective feedback) separated by a variable lag. Greater lags drastically reduced(More)
To determine which of two treatments for reducing ischemic injury after temporal focal ischemia is more effective, the effects of mild (33 degrees C) intraischemic hypothermia were compared with those of mannitol, the most commonly used neuroprotective agent. Four groups of Sprague-Dawley rats underwent 1 hour of endovascular middle cerebral artery(More)
To record brain temperature for comparison with rectal and temporalis muscle temperatures in preliminary studies before MR spectroscopy experiments, a thermistor was inserted into the basal ganglia in eight anesthetized, ventilated, and physiologically monitored rats. The rats were placed in an MR spectrometer and subjected to 60 min of global cerebral(More)
Sprague-Dawley rats anesthetized with isoflurane, underwent MCA occlusion by intraluminal 3-0 suture insertion, either 22 mm (n = 8) or 18 mm (n = 6) beyond the CCA bifurcation or were sham-operated as controls (n = 3) for autoradiographic analysis of cerebral blood flow. Infarct volume was measured 24 hours after the onset of ischemia (22 mm, n = 11; 18(More)
The purpose of this study was to ascertain if the signal intensity ratio and the lesion area determined by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging during brief focal ischemia and early reperfusion predict outcome determined by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging and T2-magnetic resonance imaging at 24 h. Seventeen rats were imaged before and(More)
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